Green Is the New Black: Innovations Abound in Natural Ingredients for 2009.

JUST LIKE THE little black dress is always in style, natural products are now a staple of the household and personal care market. As a result, the growing demand for greener goods has marketers from prestige to mass hustling to incorporate eco-sourced ingredients into their brands--for the good of the Earth as well as sales. In fact, the natural personal care market in the U.

S. jumped 19% to $2 billion in sales for 2008, according to a recent study from market research firm Kline & Company, Little Falls, NJ. Furthermore, the Natural Marketing Institute of Harleysville, PA found sales of natural/organic personal care jumped 7% to $8.

4 billion for 2008 across all retail and direct-to-consumer channels. "Major marketers are in an excellent position to leverage the naturals proposition that began with the smaller niche players," says Carrie Mellage, director of Kline's Consumer Products practice. "Manufacturing economies of scale, a stronger position for negotiating supplier agreements, and well-developed distribution channels will allow master brands like Unilever's Dove and Colgate-Palmolive's Softsoap to ride the naturals wave even during lean times.

" And the demand is there. At least two out of three beauty product users say they are interested in some form of "eco-beauty" products being either natural, organic, green/eco-friendly, or socially conscious/responsible beauty SKUs, according to a report from Port Washington, NY-based marketing firm The NPD Group, Inc. "Whether the consumer demand is driven by the desire to save the planet, concerns about product safety and potential health risks, or just being 'on-trend,' being part of the current environmental movement makes good business sense," said Karen Grant, vice president and senior global beauty industry analyst at NPD.

The use of botanicals is growing 8% in the U.S. and Europe--according to Kline & Company's study, "Specialty Actives and Active Delivery Systems for Personal Care 2008"--outstripping the average 5.

4% growth of other specialty actives. In fact, the increased use of botanicals is one of the major changes in the cosmetics and toiletries industry in recent history, according to Kline. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Issues in the Industry Traceability, authentication of ingredients, regulatory issues and the ambiguity in the definition of "natural" are all prominent issues in today's natural ingredients market, according to Dr.

Lakshmi Prakash, Ph.D., vice president of innovation and business development, Sabinsa.

Sabinsa's latest ingredient targeting such matters is Saberry, an anti-aging superfruit that recently received Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) status, according to the company. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] A big challenge is to source active materials in an environmentally sensitive manner, said Dr. Walter Smith, who is president, science and technology, Active Organics.

To gain a competitive advantage, his company often has to source unique materials, which have been only recently commercialized. "We usually buy crude extracts and do the final processing ourselves, and a challenge is to minimize the carbon footprint and the overall environmental impact of the process," said Dr. Smith, whose company recently rolled out Actimatrix, a mushroom extract with dermal stimulating properties; Actismoothe, an extract of cordyceps sinenis and coriolus versicolor that quells inflammation; and Actilipid, a wheat and forskolin extract for barrier repair.

"The science of natural product chemistry has advanced so much that everyone is expecting miracles from natural products," said Dr. Smith. "As a supplier, that means we have to ensure that our products live up to a higher efficacy standard.

This involves more development work and product testing, which means more time and money." Some suppliers are taking a worldwide approach to going green. For example, Arch Personal Care Products, South Plainfield, NJ, has formed a partnership with the Centroflora Group of Brazil for global distribution.

According to Lisa Bouldin, director of marketing at Arch, Centroflora Group, founded in 1957, is the South American leader in production and development of standardized botanical extracts. "The Arch-Centroflora alliance provides us with a sustainable organic botanical extract portfolio (trade named PhytoTerra) comprised of products from Brazil offered with full traceability of the produced extract, guaranteeing the safety and highest quality of raw materials," Ms. Bouldin told HAPPI.

"This effort will also offer committed companies the unique ability to source botanical extracts through Partnerships for a Better World. This program brings together industry, consumers and small rural producers by promoting family-sized farming and sustainable agricultural practices, which helps aid both the economy and environment." This outlook is also big with marketers.

"In my opinion, truly natural products are safer, more pleasantly fragrant and they work better. To me, natural is, more or less, it just fell from a tree or grew from the ground," said Bill Whyte (a.k.

a. Badger Bill), chief executive officer, The W.S.

Badger Company, Inc., Gilsum, NH. "Once you process something originally natural such as a fruit, flower, root or herb, with chemicals, it becomes a stretch of the imagination to still call that botanical natural.

" For example, Badger uses organic virgin coconut oil in its new Coconut Vanilla Every Day Moisturizer. "Most coconut oil on the market is derived from the dried flesh of the coconut, which requires further refining, bleaching and deodorizing, resulting in damaged oil," said Mr. Whyte.

"Badger's virgin coconut oil is fresh-processed--usually within an hour of cracking the coconut--which locks in the nutrients and the distinct aroma volatiles. This gives our moisturizer its signature exotic tropical fragrance. That is something a chemically processed ingredient cannot deliver.

" "In essence, all of our ingredients are minimally and naturally processed in this way," added Mr. Whyte. "Though the extraction method varies from ingredient to ingredient, we work with suppliers that use the gentlest extraction methods--such as cold-pressing--to insure that the botanicals and oils in our products are as fresh as they can be.

" The Body Shop also features coconut-infused body care products. According to the company, its Coconut Body Scrub and Coconut Body Butter--part of its "Summer Essentials 2009" SKUs--both feature Community Trade organic virgin coconut oil from Samoa. Additionally, the body butter contains Community Trade cocoa butter from Ghana.

The Body Shop's Community Trade program fosters trading relationships directly with marginalized communities around the world to source high quality natural ingredients, according to the company. Exotic sourcing is indeed a top trend in natural ingredients for 2009--as seen at Cosmetochem, who rolled out its Outback Spirit Botanicals range. According to the company, it is a partnership between Outback Spirit Pty.

, creator of the brand, and Cosmetochem International AG, and features exotic Australian fruits and plants redolent of the vast and wild Australian Outback. The ingredients are also derived from an ethical supply chain. For more on this collection, see page 64 in this edition of HAPPI.

Efficacy Is Everything Despite the growth in naturals, some consumers view natural products as less effective as compared to products that are based on the latest scientific technology, noted Lynn Mazzella, senior vice president of Origins Global Product Development and Sustainability, New York, NY. Her company uses therapeutic plant actives, such as white tea to protect the skin from age-accelerating environmental stressors, and rhodiola, to correct and re-firm the skin in a handful of skin care products. One of the key launches at Origins this season is Youthtopia Age-Correcting Serum with Rhodiola, said to visibly improve facial contours, lift and firm and minimize the appearance of lines and wrinkles.

The company will roll out Brighter by Nature Skin Tone Correcting Serum, said to be a natural alternative to laser resurfacing, this August. The product aims to help eliminate the appearance of stubborn dark spots and dullness in the skin with yeast extract, vitamin C, Japanese basil leaf and salicylic acid. Joshua Onysko, founder and chief executive officer of Pangea Organics, Boulder, CO, which sells it products at Whole Foods and Wegman's, agreed with Ms.

Mazzella that efficacy is a key concern in the green personal care market. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] "The biggest issue is that the natural personal care market for the most part only exists on paper; when you look closely at what the market considers to be natural there really is nothing natural about it," he told HAPPI, adding that it's rare to find an organic or natural product that actually stands up to its claims. "At Pangea, if it doesn't work better than their prestige counterparts, we don't put it out.

Organic ingredients have 40% more antioxidants then their conventional counterparts--therefore, with proper formulation, it should work better." Pangea's most recent rollouts include Himalayan Geranium & Pomegranate Balancing Oil, which fights premature aging with a combination of essential and base oils derived from whole, organic, cold-pressed vegetables, seeds and nuts that are akin to the skin's natural composition, and Turkish Rose & White Tea Eye Cream, said to contain all of the essential vitamins to protect, soften and nourish the delicate skin around the eyes--including rose, one of the world's most precious flower oils with the essence of 2000 petals in every drop. Some marketers are swapping out ingredients to improve their product lines for 2009.

For example, at Kiss My Face, the brand replaced ceteareth-20 with tapioca in its Potent & Pure Clean for a Day, an 83% organic soap-free facial cleanser. It also substituted rice protein for wheat protein previously in C the Change and UnderAge anti-aging serums to address wheat and gluten sensitivities. "Several other changes were made to add nutrients like aloe to some of the formulations, but these were not to make them cleaner--just to add benefit," said Lewis Goldstein, vice president of marketing, Kiss My Face, Gardiner, NY.

Defining a Movement With claims of greenwashing and misleading labels, the household and personal care industry is working hard to find a common ground in setting standards and guidelines for natural products--one step at as time. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] "Every company involved in the natural trend has set their own standards and each set deviates from the next," noted Victor Low, marketing executive, botanicals, Croda Inc., Edison, NJ, which recently introduced a variety of natural ingredients--from phytessence cimicifuga (black cohosh), a Native American anti-inflammatory to soothing South African Crodarom red bush (rooiboos).

Tom Kovats, vice president of Centerchem, Norwalk, CT--which debuted Xeradin, a moisturizing sage extract grown in extremely dry conditions--agreed. "The biggest issue confronting the naturals market today is determining a 'global' definition and harmonization of what is natural and organic," he told HAPPI. "The industry is working on the COSMOS standard, but until it is completed globally, it will continue to cause confusion and dilute the legitimacy of the terms.

" The COSMOS standard which is being developed at the international level by ICEA (Italy), BDIH (Germany), Bioforum (Belgium), Cosmebio/Ecocert (France) and Soil Association (UK)--will define minimum requirements and definitions for organic and/or natural cosmetics. According to Mr. Kovats, its establishment has been a step in the right direction.

"By establishing a European standard, the industry has begun to address the key issue facing the market, a patchwork of definitions and certifying organizations. Hopefully, a global standard can be established shortly." Mr.

Kovats' sentiments were echoed by makers of finished products in the industry, including Weleda. "Today, more than ever, we must protect the integrity of our industry. With the rise and exploding demand for natural and organic products, we must transparently inform consumers as to what it means to be truly natural," said Jennifer Barckley, director of communications, Weleda North American, Palisades, NY, whose company recently rolled out a Wild Rose Facial Care Kit.

"Our customers are faced with 'greenwashing' by companies, and it is our responsibility as businesses that make up our industry to give customers what they deserve: transparency and truly healthy products." New certifying organizations and labels are forming--both internationally and domestically--to help in that effort, such as NaTrue (of which Weleda is a founding partner), The Natural Products Association (NPA) and NSF International. The NPA developed a certification program in May 2008 to identify and distinguish truly "natural" personal care products with its Natural Seal, while the NSF recently introduced its Personal Care Products American National Standard, NSF/ANSI 305, which defines labeling and marketing requirements for personal care products that contain organic ingredients.

Prior to the NSF standard, the USDA certification--created for the organic certification of food--was the only organic standard in the U.S. According to NSF, its new certification allows the "contains organic" designation for products with organic content of 70% or more that comply with all other requirements of the standard.

The NSF standard is designed only for "contains organic" claims, and allows for limited chemical processes that are typical for personal care products but would not be allowed for food products covered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Organic Program (NOP).

NSF/ANSI 305 also requires companies to state the exact percentage of organic content based on the requirements of the standard. Like the NOP regulations, the NSF standard includes requirements on organic ingredients, material, process and production specifications and labeling. However, the NSF standard allows for these organic ingredients to undergo certain chemical processes--methods considered synthetic under the NOP.

For example, NSF/ANSI 305 allows saponification to be used in soap production as long as the ingredients that are being combined to make the chemical change are organically derived. In other words, NOP certified ingredients must be used to create the chemical reaction. "Although interesting is too mild word, I think all manufacturers who sell their natural products both in the U.

S. and worldwide, as we do, find that virtually every country has their own different and unique set of certification and labeling requirements," said Mr. Whyte of Badger, whose company participates in the NOP.

"That can be quite challenging." For the consumer, there are different levels of green. For some, a few natural ingredients are enough.

Others are on a mission to scout out that familiar, two-toned USDA Organic circular stamp on the label. According to the NOP, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not define or regulate the term "organic," as it applies to cosmetics, body care or personal care products. The USDA regulates the term "organic" as it applies to agricultural products through its NOP regulations.

Once certified, cosmetics, personal care products and body care products are eligible for the same four organic labeling categories as all other agricultural products, based on their organic content and other factors: * 100% Organic: Product must contain (excluding water and salt) only organically produced ingredients. Products may display the USDA Organic Seal and must display the certifying agent's name and address. * Organic: Product must contain at least 95% organically produced ingredients (excluding water and salt).

Remaining product ingredients must consist of nonagricultural substances approved on the national list or non-organically produced agricultural products that are not commercially available in organic form, also on the national list. Products may display the USDA Organic Seal and must display the certifying agent's name and address. * Made With Organic Ingredients: Products contain at least 70% organic ingredients and product label can list up to three of the organic ingredients or "food" groups on the principal display panel.

Products may not display the USDA Organic Seal and must display the certifying agent's name and address. * Less Than 70% Organic Ingredients: Products cannot use the term "organic" anywhere on the principal display panel. However, they may identify the specific ingredients that are USDA-certified as being organically produced on the ingredients statement on the information panel.

Products may not display the USDA Organic Seal and may not display a certifying agent's name and address. Juice Beauty, creator of patent pending, organic juice-based skin care sold at stores like Sephora, is raising the bar with the introduction of its new USDA certified Organic Collection. Additionally, Juice Beauty's entire collection meets California Organic Products Act (COPA) regulations, which state that products cannot be labeled organic unless their total content (minus water) exceeds 70%, Juice Beauty's chief executive officer and "head juicer" Karen Behnke told HAPPI.

Cutting-Edge Product Rollouts Whether incorporating natural ingredients into already-existing product ranges or rolling out a product in a novel, greener package, marketers are stepping it up for 2009 to capture the attentions of the eco-friendly shopper, from CVS to Sephora. Targeting the at-home formulator, luxury boutique brand L'Occitane recently debuted Ma Creme--an Ecocert-certified moisturizing lotion that one can prepare and keep in a refrigerator for ideal freshness. Users combine a sachet of a preparation rich in plant oils with spring water in a kit-provided glass jar, add a concentrated preparation of organic olive tree extracts, mix and store.

Naturals purveyor Lush also debuted a "fresh" SKU--a treatment for tresses called Hair Doctor that has a shelf life of three months and needs to be kept refrigerated. According to Aimee O'Donnell, Lush product trainer, New York, NY, the Hair Doctor must be refrigerated because there are no synthetic preservatives and the combination of seaweed, glycerine and veggie oils (almond, jojoba and coconut) has a slim chance of spoiling. "The probability is small, but refrigerating the product will help minimize it further.

Plus, it feels extra refreshing and tingly out of the fridge," she said. Revamping a current product line to match the growing need for greener ingredients is also a big trend in the marketplace. Procter & Gamble is reintroducing a variety of its best-selling personal care products for 2009 revitalized with natural ingredients.

Olay's bath and body range now features Olay Botanical Fusion, formulated with "scents and ingredients inspired by nature," such as shea butter and Olay Body Wash Plus Tone-Enhancing Ribbons with mica minerals. Pantene's Nature Fusion shampoo contains anti-aging extracts from the cassia plant; while Clairol Natural Instincts features an antioxidant-rich, ammonia-free formulation. Unilever's Vaseline also supplemented its body care collection with an "Aloe Fresh" formulation with 100% aloe, according to the company.

Victoria's Secret added the Naturally skin care collection to its personal care roster this Spring, featuring combinations such as acai berry and magnolia; grapefruit, lime and mint; blackberry and tonka bean; vanilla and sandalwood and honeysuckle and white patchouli. According to the company, each formulation in the 30-product range starts with a unique water base infused with 34 essential minerals to nourish and support skin, and uses patented, time-release encapsulation technology to ensure sustained delivery of ingredients. One With Nature--a popular line of natural soaps sold at Whole Foods markets--also is tapping the body care market this season with a new line of body lotions that feature Dead Sea minerals, muds and salts combined with vitamin E, aloe and shea butter.

A portion of profits is donated to Friends of the Earth Middle East-a non-profit environmental organization dedicated to the preservation of the Dead Sea. And who can forget the superfruit craze. Noah's Naturals, a personal products line sold at Wal-Mart, recently rolled out its new acai body care range.

The collection features washes, creams and polishes containing extracts from the popular anti-aging Brazilian superfruit combined with other natural ingredients such as jojoba, shea butter and coconut oil. David Babaii for WildAid, the eco-friendly hair care line created by actress Kate Hudson and her hairstylist David Babaii, also has entered the mass market with a recent distribution deal with Rite Aid and Sally Beauty stores nationwide. The range is made from an exclusive blend of "exotic and wild, natural and renewable ingredients" including blue algae, white ginger, cupuacu butter and volcanic ash.

A portion of sales are donated to WildAid, the Global Wildlife Conservation Organization. Hair and body shampoos are indeed categories seeing more and more natural ingredients in new formulations. In response, Evonik recently rolled out Antil Soft SC, a novel liquid multifunctional thickening agent for rinse-off products that reduces moisture loss of skin after surfactant treatment and improves foam creaminess, according to the company.

It is PEG-free, based on natural raw materials and readily biodegradable, which conforms to Ecocert standards, said Evonik. Innovative designs are also on the rise in the green category. Evolution of Smooth (EOS) entered the lip balm with two USDA-certified organic lip products: Lip Balm Smooth Sticks and Lip Balm Smooth Spheres.

Packed with antioxidant-rich vitamin E, soothing shea butter and jojoba oil, EOS lip balms are packaged "soft-to-the-touch" and the Smooth Sphere resembles a small toy ball but it doesn't bounce. A Greener Tomorrow Mintel, a Chicago-based research firm, predicts that there will be many opportunities for growth in green markets during the next few years. Though the recession is expected to impact sales through 2009, Mintel forecasts 19% growth for green products overall through 2013.

Markets including green personal care and environmentally friendly household cleaners are expected to perform especially well. "We expect to see more personal care companies participating in sustainability practices and 'greener' initiatives, more and more brands moving to paraben-free products, and more retailers dedicating space to natural products," noted Ms. Mazzella of Origins.

Dr. Smith of Active Organics predicts "active naturals" as well as "combination products" will be the next big thing in the green domain. "Beauty from within" will be a rising trend in the industry, according to Dr.

Prakash of Sabinsa. "The synergy of beauty from the inside and out segments will grow phenomenally," she told HAPPI, adding that detailed research into molecular mechanisms in skin hydration, aging and skin pigmentation would set the trend for personalized beauty care. In the end, the demand for more natural ingredients is in turn improving the marketplace itself.

"We are seeing a growing trend in the very things that used to be standard: quality, authenticity, the use of high quality natural ingredients and no chemicals," said Mr. White of Badger. "The most important selling point, in my opinion, is that spectacularly natural, authentically crafted products work better and are better for you.

This is especially true in the case of custom formulated, truly natural personal care products. When the botanical ingredients are minimally processed and formulated with thoughtful intention, nothing but good can come of it." Ecocert Opens U.

S. Office in San Francisco ECOCERT--the environmental certification body created in Franc, e in 1991 and recognized by government authorities in more than 80 countries--announced on Earth Day that it now has a location in the U.S.

The Ecocert Standards for Natural and Organic Cosmetics were released in 2002 following a two-year consultation process involving scientists, consumers, industry leaders and governmental representatives. Manufacturers, distributors, brand owners and any operator wishing to use the Ecocert name on labels and marketing material must apply to and be duly inspected and certified by Ecocert. The new office is located in San Francisco, CA.

More info: (415) 773-5320, info. Earth-Sourced Color Cosmetics Are Still on Trend BESIDES SERUMS, SOAPS and sprays, natural ingredients are all the rage in color cosmetics--and at every price point. In this genre, one of the biggest color cosmetic mass market rollouts of 2009 is Almay Pure Blends, a hypoallergenic line made from 97.

5% natural ingredients including a complex of antioxidant fruit and flower extracts housed in eco-friendly packaging. In addition, the brand recently added a Volumizing Mascara to the line, which uses lotus, orchid and acai extracts and natural waxes nourish and soften lashes. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Revlon also recently bulked up its ColorStay Mineral collection with new Finishing Powders featuring coordinated talc-free three-shade marbleized pigments.

Natural color highlights and illuminates and soft pearls play with light. Maybelline New York is also adding on to its Earth-sourced cosmetic offerings with two new products for Summer 2009, a Mineral Power Bronzer and Illuminator. Even Max Factor got in on the naturals trend with its new Vivid Impact Lipcolor, infused with shea butter for a moisturizing finish that feels like lip balm.

According to the company, the lip product is made up of more than 60% conditioners and moisturizers. Mineral category leader BareMinerals recently debuted its 100% Natural Lipglosses and Lipliners, which combine natural oils, butters, flower extracts and mineral colorants to optimize the effect of each ingredient while delivering rich creamy color, texture and shine with no artificial dyes or preservatives. Sunflower, sesame, jojoba and pomegranate oils are cold pressed to preserve their natural benefits and then combined with Brazilian cupuacu butter, rice bran wax and honeysuckle, among other ingredients.

The blend is then heated to ideal temperatures and combined in a proprietary "nine phase process." After being heated, the ingredients are slowly brought back down to room temperature while stirring by hand. This delicate balance of processing and temperature control allows optimization of each ingredient and contributes to the formula's buttery texture, cushiony feel and superior color payoff, according to the company.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Cargo Cosmetics revolutionized eco-friendly beauty with its PlantLove lipsticks, the first-ever environmentally friendly lipstick in a compostable tube made entirely from corn. Now, Cargo has expanded PlantLove to an entire line and is said to be the only prestige brand to be given the eco-distinction of Ecocert. The collection features everything from eyeshadows to bronzers.

Another popular naturals cosmetics brand, Tarte, is adding on to its colorful roster of offerings with the EyeQuatic collection for Summer 2009--a set that includes three "mermaid inspired" Lock & Roll Creaseless Cream & Powder Eyeshadow Duos in tangerine, turquoise and purple as well as a deluxe-sized Lights, Camera, Splashes! Waterproof Mascara. The eyeshadows are formulated with aquamarine and other mineral pigments, while the mascara uses beeswax as a waterproofing agent and carnauba wax for a smooth application.

Tarte also is adding some shade extentions for the season: a new Rise & Shine Lip Stain/Lip-Enhancing Gloss in Berrylicious with the brand's signature T5 superfruit complex and an EmphasEyes High Definition Eye Pencil in Charcoal, which contains palm oil in its formulation. A list of new ingredients from industry suppliers begins on p. 56 Melissa Meisel Associate Editor

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Here are top 10 questions about gift box asked by people online.1. How do you feel when you open a big gift box?I feel like I am opening the box for more than hour. It seems like you take forever!2. Wedding invitation etiquette regarding "no gift box" request?Where are you getting married? I ask because I am half Greek and in our tradition people pin money to your dress (or to ribbons on your dress). One of my cousins ended up with 10,000! I think it would be tricky to ask overtly for money but if you worded something carefully, and asked a close relative to start the money pinning perhaps you could 'adopt' this tradition? How about something like?: We are so grateful that you will be joining us on our special day and hope you understand that because we will be leaving the country soon afterwards we cannot carry wedding gifts. However!... we thought it would be fun to adopt the Greek tradition of pinning money on the Bride! Obviously, when you have been kind enough to travel to be with us we do not expect you to do this but as we cannot transport presents we feel it is a fun alternative for anyone who wanted to give us a gift. I am sure you could word it better than I have, but something along those lines. The great thing about this is that people get competitive! Enjoy!3. American Eagle outfitters gift box/wrapping?Yes you absolutely can! Just bring in your reciept, or even better yet, bring the item in too and they will wrap it all up again for you! That is if the particular store has gift boxes in stock and around this time of year, there is a greater chance they will not have any. Maybe call the store first and ask if they dos o you don;t waste a trip to the mall! Good Luck!4. I'm making a gift box for my best friend, help?her favorite movie? candy,beef jerky!:) stickers! nails polish(her fav color) tickets toa movie u can see togeth cd of her fav singer, poster a homemade bookmark:) her fav book hope this helps!5. Where to find a large gift box?Most of the card shops do large flat pack boxes6. i need a big gift box a human can pop out of ( kind of like a cake) denver area?go to the appliance or furniture store and get a big box. cover it with pretty paper7. What is the worst chocolate gift box you ever received?Do not recall the name brand, but some of the pieces of "fudge" were excrement, nuts included........way too chewy for my taste8. How do I wrap a gift in a box?Like any other present smarty!9. A birthday gift box ideas for my 19 year old brother?my suggestions are: - gift certificates for a spa; P500-P1000) - if he likes coffee, how about a mug from starbucks and a pouch of coffee to go with it; (P300-P1300); - his fav cds or a compilations ofhis fav music (original P250-P400/ burned P50-P70); - a 'pogi points' pouch or basket which includes blotting paper for face/ hand sanitizer/ hair wax, gel/ cologne (those are from BENCH are affordable and cute not to mention good smelling; - a bead necklace from beadworks (P50-P350); have fun filling the box!!10. Plain Black Large Gift Box?the post office. office max. target. walmart. big lots.11. What should I put in a themed gift box for my boyfriend?I would not worry too much about the theme, just fill it with stuff that he will love. Here's some suggestions =) -Make a homemade card -Homemade cookie or muffins -New earphones or an itunes gift card -snowboarding gloves -X-box game or points -Coupons (good for one massage etc) -Love jar (make 100 slips of paper or paper hearts and write out reasons why you love him cute quotes, or lyrics and put them in a decorated jar) -message in a bottle (love letter) -Sunglasses -Favourite candy or chocolate -cologne or body wash -framed photo of you guys -Photo calendar (use an online photo lab or google a template and make your own...add in important dates) -scrapbook -make a little book with the story of how you guys met -a watch -new T-shirt -snowboarding magazine -Movie tickets -Tickets to an upcoming concert -Wine -Mixed CD -Sports drinks -Buy some pillowcases and decorate them with fabric markers (put the best boyfriend in the whole world sleeps here, goodnight I love you etc) If you buy a roll of plain brown paper you can decorate it with markers for the wrapping. You could write lyrics all over it that remind you of him or draw cute pictures. Good Luck!
Kev Raug Rho Tawm Sensor Tam Sim No.
Thawj kauj ruam yog nyeem los ntawm tus neeg siv phau ntawv qhia, thiab paub tseeb tias nws tsis nyob hauv \"kev kuaj\" hom. Yog tias tom qab nyeem phau ntawv nws tseem tsis ua haujlwm, Kuv yuav pauv nws rau chav sib txawv.Yog chav tshiab tsis ua haujlwm, kuv yuav sim ua hom txawv / qauv, lossis tsis nco qab txog kev siv lub cev ua haujlwm.Kuv tau sim los txhim kho lub Lutron 2 AMP kev nyob ua haujlwm lub lis xaus no, hloov qhov kev hloov pauv ib leeg-ncej yooj yooj yim.Txoj kev txhim kho zoo li tsis yooj yim txaus. Txawm li cas los xij, thaum lub sijhawm los ntsuas nws, nws nthuav tawm cov tsos mob funny. Kwv yees li 9 ntawm 10 zaug nws pom cov lus tsa suab thiab sim qhib lub teeb, lub teeb yuav nyob rau kev sib cais ntawm ib pliag, thiab tom qab ntawd tawm mus. Qee zaus, lub teeb yuav tig thiab nyob twj ywm, ua haujlwm ib txwm muaj.Kuv xav tias qhov hloov yuav xav tau qhov tsawg kawg nkaus ntawm qhov tsis txaus - Kuv tau siv 4 LED qhov muag teev, tab sis tom qab hloov mus rau 4 qhov muag tsis pom, qhov teeb meem tseem nyob.Qhov ntsuas no yuav tsum muaj lub xov hluav taws xob hauv av, uas yog siv los ua lub zog ntawm kev taws teeb hluav taws xob. Kuv paub tseeb tias kev ua haujlwm grounding. Nws puas tau. Qhov tseeb, lub sensor yuav tsis txawm ua haujlwm tsis muaj cov xov txuas hauv av.Kuv mam li sim ntsuas tus tes hloov qhov chaw nyob rau qhov chaw sib txawv, tseem hloov tus ncej ib leeg hloov. Kev teeb tsa ntawm cov xov hlau tau zoo ib yam rau qhov chaw dhau los. Lub sijhawm no, cov taws teeb yuav tsis tig rau txhua qhov.Kuv xav tias kuv yuav tsum tau tawg lub sensor, tab sis kuv tau sim nws dua ntawm thawj qhov chaw kom paub meej. Nws tsis tawg (tsawg kawg tsis ua kom tiav), thiab tseem ua rau pom \"tam sim ntawd tom qab tig teeb rau\" qhov teeb meem ntawm thawj qhov chaw.Kuv txhav. Puas yog nws xav tias kuv tau txais chav haujlwm tsis zoo? Los yog puas yog cov teeb meem tsis zoo ntawm cov av (\"tsis muaj zog hauv av\")? Cov lus qhia / cov lus pom zoo raug qhuas!TSUM LUS TEB:Kuv tau sim los txhim kho lub Lutron 2 AMP kev nyob ua haujlwm lub lis xaus no, hloov qhov kev hloov pauv ib leeg-ncej yooj yooj yim.Txoj kev txhim kho zoo li tsis yooj yim txaus. Txawm li cas los xij, thaum lub sijhawm los ntsuas nws, nws nthuav tawm cov tsos mob funny. Kwv yees li 9 ntawm 10 zaug nws pom cov lus tsa suab thiab sim qhib lub teeb, lub teeb yuav nyob rau kev sib cais ntawm ib pliag, thiab tom qab ntawd tawm mus. Qee zaus, lub teeb yuav tig thiab nyob twj ywm, ua haujlwm ib txwm muaj.Kuv xav tias qhov hloov yuav xav tau qhov tsawg kawg nkaus ntawm qhov tsis txaus - Kuv tau siv 4 LED qhov muag teev, tab sis tom qab hloov mus rau 4 qhov muag tsis pom, qhov teeb meem tseem nyob.Qhov ntsuas no yuav tsum muaj lub xov hluav taws xob hauv av, uas yog siv los ua lub zog ntawm kev taws teeb hluav taws xob. Kuv paub tseeb tias kev ua haujlwm grounding. Nws puas tau. Qhov tseeb, lub sensor yuav tsis txawm ua haujlwm tsis muaj cov xov txuas hauv av.Kuv mam li sim ntsuas tus tes hloov qhov chaw nyob rau qhov chaw sib txawv, tseem hloov tus ncej ib leeg hloov. Kev teeb tsa ntawm cov xov hlau tau zoo ib yam rau qhov chaw dhau los. Lub sijhawm no, cov taws teeb yuav tsis tig rau txhua qhov.Kuv xav tias kuv yuav tsum tau tawg lub sensor, tab sis kuv tau sim nws dua ntawm thawj qhov chaw kom paub meej. Nws tsis tawg (tsawg kawg tsis ua kom tiav), thiab tseem ua rau pom \"tam sim ntawd tom qab tig teeb rau\" qhov teeb meem ntawm thawj qhov chaw.Kuv txhav. Puas yog nws xav tias kuv tau txais chav haujlwm tsis zoo? Los yog puas yog cov teeb meem tsis zoo ntawm cov av (\"tsis muaj zog hauv av\")? Cov lus qhia / cov lus pom zoo raug qhuas!
Lub Chaw Kho Dej Txawb Siv Tau Zoo Siv Tom Qab Dej Nyab thiab Kev Puas Tsuaj
Lub chaw kho dej txawb tau tuaj yeem txuas rau ntawm lub thawb thiab nws tuaj yeem xaub rau cov haujlwm nyob hauv. Chav tsev feem ntau nruab nrog thim rov qab osmosis kev kho mob raws li lub cev lim dej thiab lwm cov kauj ruam kom lim thiab dej huv.Nrog kev sib xyaw ntawm cov thim rov qab osmosis thiab muag khoom lub zog, dej tuaj yeem lim tawm cov dej thiab muab cov dej qee qhov sib npaug. Raws li koj paub, cov dej nyuaj muaj magnesium thiab calcium, thaum koj ntxiv cov tawv nqaij nws tuaj yeem tiv thaiv lub zog ntawm magnesium thiab calcium.Txo cov tshuaj fluoride hauv dejLawv tseem yuav txo cov tshuaj chlorides thiab cov dej sulfur hauv dej, nrog rau, tshem tawm arsenic, fluoride, nitrates, thiab lwm yam ions tuaj yeem ua rau hnyav hlau. Nws yuav cia koj ntxuav qhov dej kom rov qab siv nws. Lawv raug siv thaum nws los txog rau qhov chaw ua roj av brine thiab kawb pob zeb (los yog dej rov qab los ntawm hauv thaj tsam ntawm lub mines). Nws suav hais tias yog kev lag luam pov tseg kev kho, vim nws ntxuav cov dej huv uas pom thiab tom qab ntawd nws cais cov khib nyiab.Cov kab ke no yog txhawm rau ntxuav cov dej hauv av los yog dej nag uas muaj nyob hauv cov chaw tsim kho. Nws yuav ua haujlwm zoo thaum huab cua muaj paug nrog qee hom micro-hais. Kev kho dej txawb ntawm tes yuav tso cov tshuaj dej haus rau hauv nws cov dej uas yog pumped.Feem ntau ntawm cov tshuab no tuaj yeem ntim tau 12,500 nkas loos dej. Nws yuav ua rau cov khoom tawg thiab cov pov thawj kom tsis tu ncua thiab tseem niaj hnub ua cov dej kom nws tuaj yeem tshem tawm ntawm cov khoom paug ntau li ntau tau. Qhov kev nqus thiab tso dej tawm yog rau caum nkas loos dej nyob rau ib feeb, yog li nws pheej haus dej ntau ntxiv rau hauv thiab tso cov dej ntshiab.Txo teeb meem nrog dej hausQhov laj thawj yog vim li cas ntau lub tuam txhab yuav xev cov tshuab no yog li lawv tuaj yeem ua kom tshem tawm cov dej uas thaiv lossis txwv tsis pub lawv ua haujlwm thiab cia cov dej ua kom huv thiab nqus mus rau hauv tus txiv neej qhov. Nov yog ib txoj hauv kev uas cov tuam txhab tsim kho thiab mining tuaj yeem ua lub luag haujlwm tau zoo. Lawv ntxuav cov dej ua ntej lawv muab pov tseg lawv thiaj li tsis ua rau ib tus neeg raug mob thaum lawv muab dej pov tseg.Thaum lub tuam txhab xauj ib lub tshuab no, lawv yuav siv nyiaj li ntawm $ 900- $ 1200 nyob rau ib hnub los tso cov dej tawm ntawm lawv thaj chaw ua haujlwm. Feem ntau cov kev tsim kho, kev khawb av, thiab cov tuam txhab roj yuav pom qhov yuav tsum tau xaum cov tshuab no los pab lawv txoj haujlwm. Lawv yuav ua lawv qhov zoo tshaj plaws kom tawm hauv dej ib zaug sai li sai tau kom cov dej tuaj yeem nqus tawm sai thiab yog li lawv tuaj yeem txo cov nqi tsev ntawm kev kho dej txawb.
How to Make Amazing Car Vending Machine From Cardboard
Cardboard is one of those materials that can be used in different ways. This material is quite flexible which is why it is easy to recycle. Many people make a range of items from this material.If you are one of those people who want to make lovely toys for their kids, then you can do it! All you need is DIY guts and a lot of cardboard material. No doubt that for this project, you have to get a lot of cardboard. Worried about where to find cardboard boxes? Well, these boxes are readily available at online box companies.At the moment, we are going to tell you the simple method of making an Amazing Car Vending Machine from Cardboard. Have a look:1. First of all, you have to mark lines on a plain cardboard sheet and then cut it with a sharp blade.2. Take another cardboard sheet of the same size and then apply hot glue on it with the hot glue gun.3. After that, you have to fix this sheet onto another sheet to make a side.4. Take two more cardboard sheets to make the 2nd and 3rd side of the vending machine. Apply a small amount of hot glue on the base of these sheets to fix them.5. Now you have to get a small piece of cardboard, and the fix it in the middle of one side with the help of hot glue.6. Take three more cardboard pieces and join them in such a way that it makes a slide for the cars.7. You have to fix this sliding piece onto the middle piece of the cardboard.8. To give support to the slide you have to put a big piece of cardboard under it.9. Apply glue on a small rectangular piece and then fix it down to one side10. Pass a big toothpick from the supporting cardboard and this small piece. In this way, both of these will not move at all.11. Take three ice cream sticks and then cut one and fix its pieces on the other two to join them.12. Now you have to get five square pieces of cardboard of the same length. You have to join them one after the other to make a small square shaped box.13. Glue the ice cream sticks beneath this box.14. Now fix this piece under the slide pieces of cardboard. The ice cream sticks will be making the box movable so that the cars could easily slide.15. Take paper pieces and roll than on a thin wooden stick one after the other. Now take two pieces of ice cream sticks and glue it on these wooden sticks.16. It is the time to make the entire system of the vending machine. You have to do some engineering stuff to make the system perfectly.17. Make use of wires and then fix them onto the battery. Make sure you have used a small battery. 18. Take an aluminum foil and use it in the system so that the wires don't move at all. You have to do the systematic steps carefully.19. When your system is ready, then you have to fix it in your vending set of cardboard.20. Join the ice cream sticks box with the thread to the roller. Fix the roller with glue onto the base of the box.22.Complete the remaining vending machine with cardboard according to your desire. You can do the finishing on your own in any style.21. Now you have to close the front side so that the internal systems hide completely·RELATED QUESTIONI didn't get Google Glass Explorer Edition. Is trying to learn Glass dev without the hardware a futile effort?No, you can still learn the fundamentals of Glass development without the hardware.There are three main approaches for accomplishing this:1) Visit the Mirror API documentation, get into the playground, and start hashing up some code. Download the PHP, Java, and Python library, whichever you're most comfortable with. Familiarize yourself with the jargon and converntions (timeline, bundles, menus, etc). Read the support documentation (second link below) to see how the Glass hardware actually functions. Build some apps to this specification. Soon enough, you will find a friend with hardware to t
Sab saum toj 10 Cov Lus Nug Txog Cov Qhov Rooj Nqa Cov Lus Teb
Xav tias qhov kev tuav tes ntawm lub qhov rooj kuj tseem tuaj yeem tshiab rau ntau tus neeg, peb muab kaum qhov lus nug thiab cov lus teb hais txog cov leeg ntawm lub qhov rooj rau koj kom tau pib.1. Koj puas tau pom dua cov neeg pleev kob xim&tsis npog lub teeb&cov leeg rooj?suab zoo li lawv tsis yaum dhau&sim maj los ntawm kev ua haujlwm lossis kev tsis tiav. tam sim no koj paub uas tsis mus ntiav lwm lub sijhawm koj xav tau neeg pleev kob.2. Kuv yuav ua li cas tshem cov nplaum chrome qhov rooj nqa?Lub tshav kub phom. Nws txo cov kua nplaum. BF hais tias nws tau ua nws ua ntej thiab nws ua haujlwm rau kev nqa cov ntawv nplaum thiab txiav txim siab tawm ntawm lub tsheb3. Yuav Ua Li Cas Thov Cov Ntawv Kua Tsheb Quav Quav | DoItYourself.comTsheb lub cev siv quav ciab tau thov nyob rau hauv txoj kev ib yam nkaus li ib txwm tsheb ciab. Cov cai zoo ib yam los yog lus pom muaj tseeb rau nws cov ntawv thov. Koj Yuav Tsum Tau Koj Lub Tsheb yuav tsum yog huv thiab paub meej ua ntej koj siv quav ciab. Ciab yog txheej tiv thaiv uas yuav tiv thaiv koj lub ci ntsa iab thiab koj lub tsheb pleev xim. Ntxuav thiab qhuav koj lub tsheb hauv qhov chaw muaj duab ntxoo. Tom qab ntawd txhuam nws nrog txhua lub tsheb kom zoo. Pib ntawm ob sab pem hauv ntej lossis tom qab lub tsheb ua haujlwm hauv ib qho kev taw qhia, ua thawj ib sab thiab tom qab ntawd ces lwm tus yog li koj yuav tau txais kev fajseeb tiav. Tej zaum koj yuav pom koj xav ua tsuas yog ib ntu ntawm ib lub sijhawm, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog tias nws yog hnub kub raws li cov ciab tau tsim tau sai heev. Ua cov waxing hauv qhov ntxoov ntxoo. Muab lub thoob ntim zoo thiab hliv me ntsis kom huv. Thov nws mus rau lub cev ntawm lub tsheb hauv ncig. Cia siv quav ciab kom qhuav rau ib cov lus qhia ntim khoom thiab tom qab ntawd siv cov ntaub mos huv, muag muag kom nws los yog hluav taws xob tsis zoo. Them nyiaj tshwj xeeb rau thaj chaw ib puag ncig chrome, lub qhov rooj nqa, thiab xws li nws tuaj yeem nyuaj rau tshem cov ciab ntawm cov chaw no.4. UAE KEV PUB-19: Yuav ua li cas kom menyuam muaj kev nyab xeeb rau hauv pas dej thiab chaw ua si thaum muaj kev sib kisTab sis, thaum peb rhuav daim kab xev viav vias thiab cov plua plav tawm ntawm cov viav vias thiab cov dej ntws, nws yooj yim kom tsis nco qab tias tus kab mob no tsis tau ploj mus. Txawm hais tias cov nqi them rov qab yog siab thiab cov nkhaus tau ploj zuj zus mus, tseem muaj pua pua ntawm Covid-19 cov neeg mob tshiab tau qhia txhua hnub, thiab peb txhua tus tau paub txog qhov ua tau los ntawm nthwv dej thib ob. Yog li qhov kev nyab xeeb yog kev coj peb cov me nyuam rov qab mus rau hauv cov chaw ua si nraum zoov? Tab sis nws yog ib lo lus nug ntawm kev hnyav ntawm qhov kev pheej hmoo tiv thaiv qhov txiaj ntsig ntawm muaj peev xwm rov qab qee qhov kev xav ntawm qhov tsis xws li - rau peb cov menyuam yaus lub hlwb thiab lub cev kev noj qab haus huv, nrog rau kev lag luam. Yog tias koj tab tom noj koj cov me nyuam tawm mus rau cov chaw ua si lom zem hauv Dubai thaum muaj kev kis thoob ntiaj teb, ntawm no yog qee qhov uas koj tuaj yeem txo cov kev pheej hmoo: Cov chaw ua si thiab cov chaw ua si hauv dej nyab xeeb tuaj saib tam sim no? Tej zaum nws yuav kub sab nraud, tab sis nws muaj kev nyab xeeb dua - hais txog kev pheej hmoo tus kab mob - yuav tsum tau ua si sab nraud sab nraud dua li sab hauv, hais tias Dr Chiv Keeb 'Fiona Rennie. \"Chaw ua si nraum zoov thiab pas dej muaj qhov muaj txiaj ntsig ntawm huab cua ntshiab thiab qhov chaw ntau ntawm cov neeg dua li thaj chaw sab hauv. Yog tias koj yuav tawm hauv tsev dua nws muaj kev nyab xeeb dua rau sab nraud, qhov twg cov pa tawm tuaj yeem pab tiv thaiv tus kab mob, dua li hauv khw, qhov twg muaj cua tsawg dua. \" Dr Erin Bromage, tus kws tshaj lij ntawm Biology ntawm University of Massachusetts Dartmouth hais tias, \"Qhov chaw sab hauv huab cua, nrog huab cua tsis tshua hloov pauv lossis rov qab siv cov cua thiab cov neeg muaj ntau tus neeg.uas kawm txog kev siv tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob ua lub luag haujlwm rau kev tiv thaiv los ntawm tus kab mob sib kis. Txawm li cas los xij, nyob rau hauv qhov kub ntawm UAE, nco ntsoov tias koj tab tom tshav ntuj ntse, kom tsis txhob khiav mus rau lwm qhov teeb meem kev noj qab haus huv: \"Huab cua sov yuav cuam tshuam rau koj tus menyuam lossis menyuam vim lawv lub cev tsis tuaj yeem hloov pauv mus rau qhov ntsuas kub raws li cov neeg laus , \"hais tias Dr Rennie. \"Cov menyuam mos thiab menyuam yaus tawm hws tsawg dua, txo lawv lub cev lub peev xwm txias kom txias, thiab lawv tsim kom muaj cua sov ntau dua thaum tawm dag zog ntau dua li cov neeg laus. Cov menyuam yaus thiab cov menyuam yaus muaj qhov tsis zoo ntawm lub cev qhuav dej thiab mob stroke dua li cov neeg laus thiab tsis tuaj yeem qhia koj tias lawv yog overheating. \" Cov kws tshawb fawb tau pom tias SARS-CoV-2 tseem tuaj yeem siv sijhawm ntev txog 72 teev rau ntawm cov yas thiab steel qhov chaw, thiab ntev txog 8 teev rau ntawm tooj liab thiab duab los qhia. Peb tseem paub tias nws muaj peev xwm rau ib tus neeg kis tus kab mob los ntawm kov cov khoom tsis huv, thiab tom qab ntawd kov lawv lub qhov ntswg, qhov ncauj lossis qhov muag (txawm hais tias qhov no tsis xav tias yog txoj kev tseem ceeb ntawm tus kabmob kis mus). Yog li cov yas thiab yas ua si thaj chaw kov, kov los ntawm ntau cov menyuam yaus txhais tes, yog qhov pheej hmoo. Txawm hais tias Dubai Municipality cov lus qhia thiab cov txheej txheem rau kev rov qhib dua yuav tsum tau ua si cov khoom ua si kom huv si tsawg kawg ib zaug ib teev, kev nquag ntxuav los yog ntxuav tu koj tus menyuam txhais tes yuav txo qhov kev pheej hmoo no ntxiv. \"Yog tias tsis muaj chav da dej nyob ze kom ntxuav me nyuam cov tes tas li, nqa tus tshuaj ntxuav tes nrog rau lub taub dej nrog kom yaug txhua qhov xuab zeb lossis av tawm ntawm txhais tes ua ntej siv cov tshuaj ntxuav tes (ntxuav tes huv si tsis zoo ntawm qhov qias neeg lossis ntxuav tes),\" Dr. Rennie. \"Yog tias noj mov tom chaw ua si nco ntsoov koj ntxuav koj tus menyuam txhais tes ua ntej thiab ntxuav lawv txhais tes tom qab tawm ntawm chaw ua si.\" Txawm li cas los xij,Cov chav da dej pej xeem tuaj yeem ua rau muaj kev pheej hmoo loj hauv lawv tus kheej, Dr Bromage hais tias: \"Cov chav da dej muaj ntau qhov chaw muaj peev xwm kov tau, lub tes tuav qhov rooj, tus kais dej, lub qhov rooj muag khoom. Yog li [tus kab mob] hloov kev pheej hmoo hauv qhov chaw no tuaj yeem siab. paub seb ib tug neeg tso cov khoom kis mus rau hauv cov quav los yog muaj cov kab mob uas tsis huv, tab sis peb paub tias qhov tso quav tso zis tso pa tawm ua rau muaj ntau yam mob ua kom mob. Thaum koj yuav xav tias hnub ci nplaim taws no hauv UAE tuaj yeem ua raws li nws tus kheej tshuaj tua kab mob rau cov kab mob ntawm cov khoom ua si sab nraum zoov, tam sim no cov pov thawj tsis meej. Lub Koom Haum Ntiaj Teb Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv Ameslikas debunked lub luag haujlwm ntawm lub hnub ci hauv kev tua tus kabmob coronavirus yog ib qho ntawm nws cov tswvyim hais ua dabneeg rau WHO. Txawm li cas los xij, txoj kev tshawb fawb tau tshaj tawm hauv Phau Ntawv Xov Xwm ntawm Cov Neeg Muaj Kab Mob hauv 20 Lub Tsib Hlis 2020 xaus lus tias simulated lub hnub ci sai sai ua rau tsis muaj zog SARSCoV-2 ntawm thaj chaw. Txawm li cas los xij, cov kws tshawb nrhiav tau taw qhia tias huab cua huab cua hauv cheeb tsam thiab qhov loj me me tuaj yeem cuam tshuam txoj kev muaj sia nyob ntawm tus kab mob rau ntawm thaj chaw, yog li kev tshawb fawb ntxiv xav tau kom nkag siab txog qhov cuam tshuam ntawm tshav ntuj rau kis kab mob. Cov menyuam yaus puas xav nrug kev sib raug zoo? Kev sib cais deb heev yog qhov tseem ceeb ua rau tiv thaiv kev kis - thiab nws kuj nyuaj kawg nrog kev tswj hwm nrog menyuam. Dubai Municipality cov txheej txheem rau rov qhib chaw ua si sab nraum zoov yuav tsum kom cov neeg muaj kev sib nrug ob-mais deb nyob ib leeg - nrog rau tsis txhob siv cov viav vias uas nyob ib sab yog tias tsis muaj kev ncua deb ntawm lawv - thiab uas nyob hauv cov chaw ua si qhov twg nyuaj rau kev ua si yuav tsum muaj qhov siab tshaj qhov muaj peev xwm tsis pub tshaj. Cov qhov ncauj qhov ntswg phais thiab daim npog qhov ncauj yog ob qho tsim nyog,Txawm tias lub npog qhov ncauj qhov ntswg tuaj yeem pab ntes cov tee dej uas tsim thaum ib tug neeg txham lossis hnoos. Dr Fiona Rennie los ntawm Chiv Keeb Kho Mob hauv Dubai hais tias \"Lub ntsej muag ob xyoos yuav tsum hnav lub qhov ncauj sab nraud. \"Txawm li cas los xij yog tias koj tus menyuam tseem niaj hnub kov lawv lub ntsej muag lossis rov kho lub npog ntsej muag ces hnav lub npog ntsej muag tuaj yeem ua rau muaj kev phom sij thiab ua rau muaj kev pheej hmoo kis tus kabmob. CDC hais tawm cov pov thawj qhia tias Covid-19 tsis tuaj yeem kis mus rau tib neeg los ntawm cov dej ua si feem ntau. Tsis tas li ntawd, \"kev ua haujlwm zoo ntawm cov chaw muaj dej thiab tua kab mob ntawm cov dej (nrog chlorine lossis bromine) yuav tsum ua rau tus kabmob tsis ua haujlwm uas ua rau Covid-19.\" Yog li, yog tias koj ntseeg tau tias cov pas dej da dej chlorine qib tau raug tswj xyuas kom zoo (raws li lawv yuav tsum ib Dubai Lub Nroog xav tau) tom qab ntawd nyob hauv pas dej da li lwm tus yuav tsum nyab xeeb. Yog tias koj coj koj tus menyuam mus rau tom qhov chaw ua si uas muaj lwm tus menyuam yaus nws tsis tuaj yeem tshem tawm txoj kev pheej hmoo ntawm kev kis tus kabmob coronavirus kiag li. Txawm li cas los xij, ntau tshaj peb lub hlis ntawm kev sib cais thiab koom tes hauv tsev yuav muaj kev pheej hmoo rau peb cov menyuam txoj kev mob hlwb. Dr Rennie hais tias \"Muaj ntau cov lus ceeb toom txog teeb meem kev coj tus cwj pwm, ntxhov siab thiab qhov tseem ceeb thiab pw tsaug zog kev pw tsaug zog hauv cov menyuam yaus thaum lub caij muab xauv cia uas qhia tau tias lawv muaj kev ntxhov siab.\" \"Tawm mus, huab cua ntshiab, nrog chav khiav thiab ua si yog qhov zoo rau menyuam yaus lub hlwb kev noj qab haus huv thiab rov qab qee theem ntawm qhov ib txwm muaj. Nws muaj kev nyab xeeb muab kev sib txawv ntawm zej zog yog pom thiab lub qhov ncauj qhov ntswg yog hnav thaum tsim nyog.\"
What Would Happen If a Charger Tried to Pull More Current Than a QC 3.0 Source Can Output?
There are four possibilities maybe more but mostly 4.One the voltage will drop relative to the current being pulled. The voltage source is going out of regulation.Two the regulator will going into a overload mode and turn off Many Regulators have self protection circuits. This may cycle on and off until the condition is fixed. Three, the circuit will burn or short circuit or some other destructive state. A burned fuse or inductor or mosfet or ic. Four, unlikely, the circuit will go into a current limit mode.There is no way to know without all the part numbers and schematic. Of both your charger and the target (how it will act to under current conditions is even more complicated and guesswork) So best to not overload your circuit. The significant difference between the two source power output should be enough to make this common senseI've got this charger: It takes 12.7 - 16V input from a car and outputs 13.05V at 6.1A (80W)I want to utilize a USB-PD and / or USB-C QC 3.0 charger.I can get a USB-C trigger: It connects to a USB-C QC or PD power source and allows me to select the output voltage.What I want to do is connect:QC 3.0 Power Supply -> USB trigger set to output 12V -> 12V car charger for DJI battery -> DJI batteryThe idea is to use a QC 3.0 power supply to recharge a DJI battery (albeit slowly).QC 3.0 can only output up to 18W of power, so if I used the USB trigger to select 12V as the output voltage, the QC 3.0 source would only output a max of 1.5A, but the DJI battery charger wants to output 80W of power.Would this destroy the QC 3.0 source? Or would the QC 3.0 source just happily output a continuous 12V @ 1.5A and the DJI charger would simply charge the batteries at a slower rate (18W?) without damaging anything?·OTHER ANSWER:I've got this charger: It takes 12.7 - 16V input from a car and outputs 13.05V at 6.1A (80W)I want to utilize a USB-PD and / or USB-C QC 3.0 charger.I can get a USB-C trigger: It connects to a USB-C QC or PD power source and allows me to select the output voltage.What I want to do is connect:QC 3.0 Power Supply -> USB trigger set to output 12V -> 12V car charger for DJI battery -> DJI batteryThe idea is to use a QC 3.0 power supply to recharge a DJI battery (albeit slowly).QC 3.0 can only output up to 18W of power, so if I used the USB trigger to select 12V as the output voltage, the QC 3.0 source would only output a max of 1.5A, but the DJI battery charger wants to output 80W of power.Would this destroy the QC 3.0 source? Or would the QC 3.0 source just happily output a continuous 12V @ 1.5A and the DJI charger would simply charge the batteries at a slower rate (18W?) without damaging anything?
Sab saum toj 10 nqe lus nug Txog Led Lub Teeb Teb
Xav tias kev coj teeb pom kev zoo kuj tseem yuav tshiab rau ntau tus neeg, peb muab kaum nqe lus nug thiab cov lus teb hais txog kev coj teeb pom kev zoo rau koj los pib.1. Sab nraum zoov kab tshoob txais tos Teeb pom kev zoo Cov lus qhia rau hmo ntuj zooYog li, ib qho tseem ceeb uas koj tsis xav kom ploj yog lub teeb pom kev. Yog tias koj yuav ua kom koj lub teeb pom kev zoo sab nraum zoov, koj yuav tsum tau nqis peev hauv qee qhov teeb pom kev zoo tshaj plaws muaj. Thaum ua tiav zoo, lub teeb pom kev zoo tuaj yeem ua rau txhua yam zoo. Qhov tsim nyog ntawm cov teeb pom kev zoo tuaj yeem tso rau txhua yam ntawm tus nkauj nyab rooj noj mov mus rau rooj ua las voos, khoom qab zib kab tshoob thiab lwm yam. Nov yog qee qhov kev qhia los pab koj xaiv qhov tsim nyog, sab nraum zoov chaw txais tos teeb pom kev zoo. Pin Spot Pin chaw teeb pom kev zoo yog lub nqaj ntawm lub teeb uas tsim los ci ncaj qha rau ntawm ib yam dab tsi xws li lub tshoob ncuav mog qab zib, lub rooj ua khoom plig, lossis txawm tias qhib bar. Kev Ntxuav Xim Xim Qhov no yog pam ntawm lub teeb ua ke. Lawv tuaj yeem muab tso rau ntawm thaj chaw ib qho los tsim kev tawm tsam. Gobos Cov no yog cov stencils uas tuaj yeem muab tso rau ntawm lub teeb ntawm lub rooj tshoob sab nraud txais tos los tsim tus qauv lossis tsim cov lus hais. Qee tus siv cov no los sau cov sijhawm, cov npe ntawm tus nkauj nyab thiab nraug vauv, thiab lwm yam. LED LED teeb pom kev zoo yog nrov heev rau kev ua tshoob kos sab nraum zoov. Los nyob hauv txhua qhov xim, duab, thiab qhov loj me, cov teeb no muaj ntau dua kev ua haujlwm thiab lub zog. Txoj Hlab Teeb Ua raws li lub npe txhais, cov no yog cov hlua ntawm lub teeb ntawm txoj hlua zoo ib yam li cov ntawm Christmas ntoo. Tam sim no koj muaj kev nkag siab zoo ntawm hom nrov tshaj plaws ntawm sab nraum zoov tshoob kos teeb. Cov lus qhia ntxiv tom qab kom ua rau koj txais tos lit txhua hmo ntev yog xaiv cov teeb pom kev zoo uas haum rau cov qauv ntawm koj lub tshoob. Classic Yog tias koj tab tom yuav nrog lub rooj tshoob kho kom zoo nkauj,koj tuaj yeem xav mus nrog lub rooj teeb pom kev zoo xws li nyiaj tswm ciab nyiaj tswm ciab. Qhov no yuav muab tawm ntawm lub ntsej muag zoo nkauj. Cov tswm ciab yog ib lub tswv yim zoo rau kab tshoob kev kos. Nws teeb tsa suab nrov heev, tsis tshua muaj suab nrov. Rustic Xav Ntau ntawm barn-style tshoob kev txais tos? Vim li cas tsis mus nrog tej yam xws li lub teeb lag luam? Lawv yog cov ntau dua li qhov nruab nrab Christmas ntoo teeb nrog txhua lub teeb muab tawm ntawm lub teeb pom kev zoo. Cov no yuav zoo rau hauv ob sab phlu chav ua yeeb yam lossis qhov rooj nkag mus rau koj lub tsev pheebsuab tshoob sab nraum zoov. Romantic Yog tias koj tab tom nrhiav kom pom lub tswv yim teeb pom kev zoo tiag tiag, cov teeb moos soos hais lus tagnrho. Tso cai rau koj tus qhua tso cov yeeb yuj teeb txawb rau saum ntuj thaum hmo ntuj uas koj saib thiab nco txog koj hnub tshwj xeeb. Edgy Yog tias koj mus rau me ntsis ntxiv ntawm qhov kev xav edgy, tom qab ntawd cov xim teeb yog koj tus phooj ywg zoo tshaj. Xaiv cov xim zoo nkauj thiab xim ntaj uas ua rau nqe lus. Koj yuav txawm mus rau ib qho me ntsis ntxiv niaj hnub thiab xaiv cov qauv teeb lossis lub teeb uas hloov xim rau cov pop ntxiv. Yuav ua li cas hom teeb pom kev zoo koj yuav muaj nyob rau ntawm koj sab nraum zoov tshoob txais tos? Txhua tus neeg xav kom tau txais nyob rau pem teb las voos thiab seev cev hmo ntuj. Yog tias koj tab tom npaj sab nraum zoov tshoob txais tos, teeb pom kev zoo yog txhua yam. Nws tuaj yeem nqa ib lub tsev pheebsuab sab nraud los ntawm theem pib thiab drab mus rau zes thiab xav tsis thoob hauv vib nas this. Nco ntsoov tias koj xaiv lub teeb pom kev zoo uas yuav kos kom pom tseeb ntawm cov lus qhia ntxaws ntawm koj lub tshoob thiab tseem ua rau tog kev lom zem nyob hmo ntuj.2. Nrog tag nrho cov lus hais txog kev txwv qhov muag tsis sib tw, puas muaj lwm txoj hauv kev uas tsis muaj qhov muag teeb rau fluorescent teeb pom kev zoo?Cov teeb roj teeb hluav taws xob tawm ntawm UV hluav taws xob, yog li nws tsis zoo rau koj lub qhov muag ib qho. UV-thaiv cov tes tsho, npog thiab vaj huam sib luag yog muaj rau lub teeb roj fluorescent. Tshwj tsis yog tias lawv yog tus qauv, cov hlab cua ntev, lub qhov muag roj fluorescent feem ntau tau kib; Kuv xav tias lawv rhiab ntau dua rau cov xim av outs thiab lub hwj huam spikes. Lawv tuaj yeem mess koj lub TV txais tos thiab yeej xov tooj cua AM. LED teeb pom kev zoo tuaj yeem nyab xeeb, nyob ntawm cov khw. Nws yog qhov zoo tshaj tus nqi tshaj li fluorescent ... txawm li cas los xij, hauv kuv kev paub, tsis yog tus qauv hluav taws xob tsis dhau lossis LED teeb kom ntev li ntev li lub teeb pom kev zoo (vim muaj teeb meem kev tsim khoom), txawm tias lawv tau cog lus tias yuav siv sijhawm ntev dua. Cov taws LED tau kim heev nyob rau lub sijhawm tam sim no, thiab tuaj yeem muaj teeb meem nrog lawv tshaj tawm lub teeb pom kev ntau dhau, qee qhov tuaj yeem ua kev puas tsuaj rau koj lub qhov muag, tab sis tsis hais qhov twg, lub teeb ci tuaj yeem hnyav. Lwm qhov teeb meem nrog LED teeb pom kev yog tau txais lub teeb dawb. Nws yog ib qho nyuaj rau muab cov xim thiab ua rau qhov sib zog xwb tsuas yog txoj cai kom tau txais xim zoo nkauj, dawb xim. Cov LEDS dawb yuav zoo li ua rau xiav tsaus. Sib nrug ntawm ob qho no, ob qho koj tau siv hluav taws xob ntau, lossis koj tau lumens lumens (siv lub teeb). Tsis tas li, nrog lwm txoj hauv kev, nws yog qhov nyuaj rau nyeem ntawv lossis lub teeb dawb thiab koj tuaj yeem ntsib teeb meem nrog lawv cov cua sov.
Txhua Yam Khoom Saib Xyuas Vaj Ntsej Muag
Ib chav ntawm tag nrho cov khoom tu tawv nqaij yog tsim kho me me ntawm lub platform ntawm kev lag luam tshuaj pleev ib ce. Cov khoom siv ntuj tsim muaj cov khoom ntshiab thiab ntuj tsim tau los ntawm cov khoom muaj peev xwm. Xwm muaj ntau yam kev pab uas tau yog ib feem ntawm txoj cai kev zoo nkauj rau xyoo.Cov khoom siv tawv nqaij kom pab ua kom tawv nqaij lub ntsej muag ua kom tawv nqaij thiab ua rau lub ntsej muag ua kom tawv nqaij. Cov no kuj txhawb nqa kom zoo thiab tiv thaiv daim tawv nqaij tiv thaiv kev puas tsuaj. Kev siv ntawm cov khoom ntuj zoo nkauj txhim kho sab ntsuj plig, cov haujlwm tseem ceeb thiab qhov pom tseeb, muab txoj hauv kev kom muaj kev nyob nyab xeeb thiab lub zog zoo nkaujTsis yog txhua leej txhua tus yog tshuaj pleev ib ce huv. Cov khoom lag luam zoo nkauj no muaj cov khoom siv los ntawm cov tsiaj thiab nroj tsuag uas tsis yog 100% ntshiab. Cov khoom siv ntuj tsim tuaj yeem yog cov organic zoo li tsis muaj ntxig. Qee cov khoom ua los ntawm cov khoom xyaw inorganic tuaj yeem tsim kev puas tsuaj rau daim tawv nqaij tab sis ib qho yog tsim los ntawm 100% cov ntshiab thiab cov khoom xyaw organic yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws rau kev kho mob ntawm daim tawv nqaij.Cov neeg niaj hnub no tau hloov ntau dua rau cov khoom tu tawv nqaij organic vim tias lawv tau ua los ntawm cov ntshiab, nyab xeeb, huv si thiab muaj cov khoom siv cog rau ntawm cov nroj tsuag, tu lub ecology kom tiav thiab muab lub ntsej muag zoo dua rau cov tawv nqaij thiab ntev dua kev zoo nkauj. Cov khoom siv hauv cov feem ntau yog zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, Aloe Vera, txiv roj roj, roj taum castor, cloves, txiv hmab txiv ntoo, mis nyuj, zib ntab, tshuaj yej ntoo, lavender, txiv maj phaub mis, eucalyptus roj thiab sawv. Cov khoom siv tsis muaj tshuaj lom no ua rau cov tawv nqaij ua pa thiab ua pa, pub rau lub ntsej muag thiab qhov tshiab.Feem ntau cov teeb meem ntawm daim tawv nqaij niaj hnub no yog pob txuv thiab pob. Kev lag luam ntawm anti wrinkle cov khoom tu tawv nqaij tau loj hlob zoo heev. Is Nrias teb yog lub chaw rau tag nrho cov khoom zoo nkauj muaj qhov chaw lag luam loj tshaj plaws rau anti wrinkle khoom zoo li. Cov tib neeg hauv Is Nrias teb raug kev puas tsuaj ntawm daim tawv nqaij feem ntau vim yog hnub tiv thaiv tshav ntuj thiab cov khoom tiv thaiv wrinkles pab lawv tawm tsam cov tawv nqaij puas tsuaj.Ntau tus neeg ua qhov kev tshawb fawb txog kev ua lag luam thiab tau txais kev pab los ntawm ntau cov kws tshaj lij tawv nqaij kom cov khoom lag luam kom zoo dua. Cov khoom lag luam wholesale tawv muag suav nrog kev tsim cov tshuaj pleev, pleev, tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub, tshuaj pleev ib ce, tshuaj pleev ib ce thiab hmo ntuj rov qab muaj nyob rau hauv kev ua lag luam rau txiv neej thiab poj niam.Vim li cas ib tus tsis nco qab tias daim tawv nqaij zoo nkauj yog qhov txiaj ntsig ntawm lub cev noj qab nyob zoo. Yog tias ib tus neeg lub cev thiab lub hlwb zoo, cov tawv nqaij yuav ci ib txwm thiab yuav tsis xav kom muaj ib qho tshuaj pleev ib ce los txhim kho lub cev ua haujlwm li qub. Kev noj zaub mov zoo nrog cov khoom noj khoom haus kom muaj txiaj ntsig yog yuav ib txwm xav txog kev zoo nkauj.Niaj hnub no muaj ntau heevtshuaj ntsuab pab raumuaj nyob rau hauv kev ua lag luam. Cov tshuaj no tau ua los ntawm ntau yam ntujtshuaj ntsuabuas tau raug pov thawj pom tias muaj txiaj ntsig zoo hauv kev saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv. Kom tau cov ntaub ntawv ntxaws ntxaws txog cov tshuaj ntsuab no thov nyem rau ntawm cov txuas.
The Hottest Questions About Power Supply
Do you want to know about power supply? Here are some frequently asked questions.1. Will this video card work with this power supply?It needs approximately 149 Watt because the PSU requirements on most graphic cards are not really what they need to be. I am running a HD 4650 that needs "400W" but I only have 305W and has been working well for 2 years. Oh yeah not sure if it needs a 6 pin power connector so can not help you on that question. At the bottom is a link to "REAL" PSU requirements. EDIT: Oh I just looked on amazon and the XFX version needs a 6 pin power connector so it just depends on your model. I prefer XFX brand.2. How does a switching power supply differ from a power supply?Edit, solutions is doing weird and wonderful issues. I even have got here upon that while you are applying/ construction some thing with diverse relays, and applying SPDT and DPDT relays, it fairly is extra low priced interior the long-term to apply DPDT relays in determination to SPDT relays. it can be a 3PST Wingman3. Why is my power supply not staying on?A few ideas (and no, I am not making ANY assumption on your knowledge/Tech Level) A) Is board touching the case (Mounted correctly) B) Have you Disconnect all Peripherals and just booted the board. C) Are you using on-board Video or a separate Card (Voltages) Different cards (Video) use different voltages, the same as CPU's etc so I would disconnect all the extras and just boot the board. Does it beep? If the shut down is instant, then I would look towards you having a bad Motherboard (and/or CPU) but generally I would lean towards the board, but bear in mind, I am not there to assess, nor here to Judge.. Did you connect the speaker so you can hear any Bios Beep codes?4. Help with creating a computer--Power Supply?It depends on what you are going to be using it for besides average gaming. If you are going to power two monitors and color laser printer and some external USB drives as well as a high end multi-core CPU 600w wo not do. Some gamers get a bigger than necessary PS since they know they with get more memory, solid state harddrives, etc as their budget allows ( 1000W makes sense). However, if you are running only one monitor, no externals, and have a reasonable CPU 600 w is sufficient5. Power supply problem on my laptop?Your battery may be completely discharged. Just like other rechargeable NI-CD batteries, the Lithium-Ion battery will eventually loose its ability to keep its charge. The most simple solution is to buy a new battery.6. Buck converter based switching power supply?This is a simplified version of the circuit you have. Note the polarity is backwards from your circuit:7. How to test a Power Supply?Power supply Tester. They are cheap and will test ALL of your out put voltages and wattage. You can get them about anywhere. Very smart thing to do!8. 12VDC power supply for backyard stereo?go find your self a old pc in the trash and gank the power supply and tie into the 12vdc lines9. What power supply do i get?450w is fine!10. will my power supply power a 9600gt?It really depends on how long and how hard you push your system, you max out your wattage all the time might burn out that PSU, but most likly not11. help about power supply please?while a capability furnish is rated at 4 hundred watts meaning it may furnish as much as 4 hundred watts of DC capability. the capability furnish takes AC capability out of your wall outlet at a hundred and twenty volts and converts it to 12v, 5v, 3.3v DC for the drives, CPU, motherboard, and so forth. .. the certainty is that your computing device will use around one hundred watts AC capability or much less. A Kill-A-Watt meter might properly be bought for around $20 and that assist you to comprehend the real capability utilization of any equipment12. Power supply upgrade? ?Put it this way, a good quality 460W PSU may be better than a cheap 500W PSU. The key thing is the 12V current capacity, and the 6870 requires two PCI-E 6 pin power connectors. Most 460W PSU have only one, or none. So, I do question how they can properly power the 6870 with a 460W PSU, unless they had one designed to match the card. Do not accept that system if they use Molex to PCI-E power adapters, that can cause voltage drops and strange video card problems... PS: Their web site says there is an option for a 6770 video card, no mention of the 6870... A 6770 will run with a 450W PSU...
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