How Do People Who Are Very Depressed Manage to Communicate with Others?

Very depressed people who want to get better and rejoin active society, get therapy.If you go in to therapy and talk about your problems, a good therapist will train you how to reduce your negative thoughts. These negative thoughts lead to sad, low and empty feelings.

So, by changing the thoughts, your feelings will begin to lift. Once your feelings lift, youll be less inclined to stay in bed and avoid people. Communicating with others will become easier.

· Related Questions

When Arya Stark was given 3 names to kill by Jayne Hu2019gar, did she choose wisely? If not, who should she have chosen?

Arya did not choose wisely.

Who should she have chosen? The first names on her list:Joffrey, Cersei, Walder Frey.Jaqen Hghar tells Arya that their deaths are a certainty, but the timing is not (thats because she wants the faceless man to kill Tywin Lannister NOW), and he wont do that.

Tywin is leaving Harrenhal to go make war on her brother Robb). But what a difference in the show if Joffrey, Cersei, and Walder Frey had have died mysterious deaths so early in the series?Season 2 episode 10: Valar Morghulis"

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What are things people need to start believing?

Peer reviewed ScienceBig corporations arent in the business of killing peopleSocialism Communism The end of civilisationThe USA does not have a monopoly on Freedom, nor is it the world leading exponents of itNon partisan or Bi partisan news and political debate doesnt really exist. However, it is possible to admit the other side can and does have ideas that are valid and worthwhile without betraying your side.Organised Religion is a cancer on society.

Believe your own personal beliefs. But keep it at that.

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Did humans only domesticate wolves, or other canine species as well, such as coyotes or even foxes?

Or to phrase it another way: Are all domestic dogs descended from wolves, or are there some with coyote/jackal/etc roots

I will chime in here.If you look at the dog species, as someone said, they came from a Chinese form of Gray Wold long extinct, but, they are genetically similar enough to wolves to mate with them. Coyotes are often found with wolf or dog genes, so much that some think there is no real pure Coyote stock in the USA.

Humans have never domesticated foxes; the Russian who is supposed to have done that is open to a lot of criticism.

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What fiction books should everyone read?

Two great fiction books for the science nuts:Mother of Learning: its a web serial (i.

e. free and still being updated). To some extent, the background resembles Harry Potter, magic schools, wizards, etc; but the plot is surprisingly original and rich.

Harry Potter and the Methods of Rationality: What happens if Harry Potter becomes a hyper-rationalist? This is a hilarious fanfiction, written by Eliezer Yudkowsky, an AI researcher. The chapters can be too long to read for a web serial - but it also has a podcast online!

A perfect audiobook to kill time on the road :)

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Now that the showu2019s over, what was the point of the Onion Knight, Ser Davos Seaworth?

He was a mentor and a steady hand in times of great trial . And he was a man who backed up his king.

He had done it for Stannis but he wasnu2019t worthy of Ser Davos loyalty. Jon was. He set his feet on another path to alleviate his pain of Shireen's death.

Gave him a reason for living. After Jon was exiled back to the Night's watch , Ser Davos stayed behind to be a helping hand for Bran and Sam as well

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Which are collectively better musicians, Led Zeppelin or Rush?

A lot of the answer to this question depends on whether you're including 'vocalist' in the category of 'musician'.

Geddy Lee--does what he does; I don't mind his singing as much as many people seem to, but Robert Plant--pipes wise, delivery wise.is a rare pearl in the world of rock singers. Vocals aside, the music Rush composes is more complex and requires a higher level of competence to be able to play.

Complexity may or may not be your thing, but I think Rush deserves credit for innovation while still managing to "rock"

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What can teachers do to help students with severe anxiety?

I suffer from anxiety and have completed my BSN, 1/2 done with my MSN with a 3.98 GPA.

I have been helped by teachers who let me sit to the side of the group so I had less distraction. I've even had them offer me extra time in completing the test. The best help was my 4th grade teacher Mrs.

Eck who told me I could do the work and I knew the information, just sit in the alcove and do my best. A motivated caring teacher can make such a difference to a students success.

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What was the real reason the United States removed and killed Saddam Hussein?

Even if they didnt kill him, the first and only one reason is oil business. You think it was for freedom? Because of fake massive destruction weapons?

Remember Lybia and now Syria. You may think Bachar should be killed and so on? But look for gas discovering in this part of the world near Iran and how could Iran sell the gas to Europe for examplethere are a few roads.

and it passes through Syria. Freedom is for marketing ;).

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What will be the after effect of the protests/riots happening in the US?

A lot more Americans will talk (dialogue is a trendy word, I think) about race. (This is already happening.) An unintended consequence might be that we will focus less on Covid for a while, whether our political leaders realize that the quarantine is effectively over or not.

(How can you keep people who are demonstrating and especially people who are rioting socially distanced?) We will see whether there is a second wave among those who have gone to the streets. If not, then we can conclude that the virus has burned itself out

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What can teachers do to reduce test anxiety in students?

This:Retrieval Practices' Impact on Test Anxiety and Stress - The Effortful EducatorYou should test your students frequently, but not for a grade. The testing serves the purpose of increasing learning, because attempting to retrieve stored information increases the retention of that information.And youd better come up with better schemes for marking the tests, because it would be too much of a workload for you to do it yourself.

You can Google around for how other teachers do this

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What is (not provided) in Google Analytics?

Since October 2011 Google has been hiding the u201corganic keyword,u201d but doesnu2019t hide u201cpaid keywords.u201d Google switched to a secure server (https) which encrypts search results.

So, anytime you logged into Google i.e., Gmail, Calendar, etc your searches are totally protected thereby leaving all keyword data as (not provided) in Google Analytics.

The reason behind this was Google probably wants more marketers or advertisers to use Google Ads as optimizing the search campaigns without keyword referral data is not very useful

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Do Republicans hate Obama because he's black?

First of all, Republicans dont hate him.Second of all, to the degree that hated his being president, it was because they strongly disagreed with his ultra-leftist, bordering on Marxist politics.

I thought the birther movement was silly, but if hed been more upfront about proving his birth credentials instead of stonewalling, it wouldve shut him down. In retrospect, that looks like strategy to inflame his political rivals. It wouldnt surprise me if hed orchestrated the whole thing

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Is Freya related to Thor?

No, and yesOdins wife in Marvel is Frigga. Who Freya is in the comics is a messy topic. She used to be distinct from Friggia and one Thor story ( I think by Matt Fraction) said that the Enchantress was actually Freya.

But then some writer came along and seems to have come to the conclusion that Freya and Frigga are the same person probably based on the theory that they may have once been the same figure methodologically and made them that way in the comics even though it doesn't match

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How did the industrial revolution cause imperialism in Britain?

Very simple: the industrial revolution did not cause imperialism in Britain.Great Britain had an empire in North America long before the industrial revolution got under way.

It might be fair to say that once the industrial revolution was in full swing, say around 1840, the British were certainly very motivated to find and hold markets for their products. In addition, they also wanted reliable sources of supply for the raw materials needed for their industrial processes. The empire in a sense magnified the industrial revolution

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How can you tell if people are talking trash behind your back?

What they talked behind you is not a big deal, everyone have positive and negative points and other can talk about any point you can not stop them from discussion about that.we are a living body and need to do our task other can judged us from their view which may be right or wrong, no one is perfect hence forget about others and do your work with confidence.have a nice dayplz upvote if you agree with me.

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What do communism and Nazism have in common?

Industrial. Both seek 100% rule over industrial societies.

One is tyrannical, one is a republic.Socialism actually seeks establishing a republican structure into industry that sets goals, guide management short and long term plaming and the day to day operations of industry.No-where has this ever existed.

Fascism is tyrannical. By the power of the SUPREME STATE, it seeks to forcibly bind all social, economic and political institutions to the state. It attempts to end class war.

Workers are frozen into a defeated wage slavery class.Examples of Fascist countries:USSR, Red China, Hitlers Germany, Mussolinis Italy

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Why in the age of the Internet are people still so ignorant?

So, because there are libraries, everybody should be smart?

How about over half of the worlds population who have no computer , much less internet service? (You know, people whose issues are sanitation, health, education, maybe even food and shelter?)Have you thought that at least half of the stuff on the Internet is pure garbage?

Just because it is there, does not make it true or even good.How about people who just dont care for the Internet at all?Knowledge or ignorance have nothing to do with the Internet

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Are most African countries still in the early stages of industrialization?

Yap. Three glaring facts betray us:Our average income levels are among the lowest in the world.We still depend a lot on aid and predatory loans (sadly).

And I hate it.Our manufacturing sector still sucks. We produce almost zero value-added goods.

I hate it! Instead of chocolate, gold watches, microchips; what comes out of Africa is cocoa, gold bars, and rare earth. Very sad.

We dont even have an African car or airplane brand. But watch this space, an airplane made in Africa is coming to an airport near you lol. Wakanda forever!

.

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How does gold affect the dollar?

Hello, Price of a commodity like Gold/oil depends on the basic principle of supply and demand.

The Price of Gold if falling, Dollar is riding high on the back of possible hike in interest rates. They predict a rise which will in turn increase the price of the dollar, so people who had invested in Gold would start selling Gold, and when supply of Gold will surpass the demand, the price of Gold will fall. I hope it helped.

Happy Trading!

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Is it true that there is video evidence of Russia firing artillery into Ukraine?

Below is a video showing Russian rocket-launcher and gun artillery batteries, and their distinctive marks after cross-border shelling in 2014.

The satellite photos can be verified in Google Earth with its historical imagery feature.Here is a blog post collecting other evidence: u201cRussian soldiers VK-page shows RUSSIA is shelling Ukraine with heavy artillery,u201d Ukraine at War. And a systematic analysis of cross-border artillery strikes: u201cOrigin of Artillery Attacks on Ukrainian Military Positions in Eastern Ukraine Between 14 July 2014 and 8 August 2014,u201d Bellingcat

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Why are there so many violent "Protests" after the election?

I am not sure where you get the term peaceful and accepting left. People who feel passionately about political matters are likely to protest those issues and sometimes, in all countries, protests go too far. Mr.

Trump used extreme language during his campaign and now people are more likely to do the same and sometimes go as far as committing violence. Remember there can be violence after sporting events or over religious differences so election protests should not surprise. This will settle down soon but more protests are likely when Mr.

Trump starts to take action

Tau txais kev sib cuag nrog peb
Cov Lus Pom Zoo
Kev Raug Rho Tawm Sensor Tam Sim No.
Thawj kauj ruam yog nyeem los ntawm tus neeg siv phau ntawv qhia, thiab paub tseeb tias nws tsis nyob hauv \"kev kuaj\" hom. Yog tias tom qab nyeem phau ntawv nws tseem tsis ua haujlwm, Kuv yuav pauv nws rau chav sib txawv.Yog chav tshiab tsis ua haujlwm, kuv yuav sim ua hom txawv / qauv, lossis tsis nco qab txog kev siv lub cev ua haujlwm.Kuv tau sim los txhim kho lub Lutron 2 AMP kev nyob ua haujlwm lub lis xaus no, hloov qhov kev hloov pauv ib leeg-ncej yooj yooj yim.Txoj kev txhim kho zoo li tsis yooj yim txaus. Txawm li cas los xij, thaum lub sijhawm los ntsuas nws, nws nthuav tawm cov tsos mob funny. Kwv yees li 9 ntawm 10 zaug nws pom cov lus tsa suab thiab sim qhib lub teeb, lub teeb yuav nyob rau kev sib cais ntawm ib pliag, thiab tom qab ntawd tawm mus. Qee zaus, lub teeb yuav tig thiab nyob twj ywm, ua haujlwm ib txwm muaj.Kuv xav tias qhov hloov yuav xav tau qhov tsawg kawg nkaus ntawm qhov tsis txaus - Kuv tau siv 4 LED qhov muag teev, tab sis tom qab hloov mus rau 4 qhov muag tsis pom, qhov teeb meem tseem nyob.Qhov ntsuas no yuav tsum muaj lub xov hluav taws xob hauv av, uas yog siv los ua lub zog ntawm kev taws teeb hluav taws xob. Kuv paub tseeb tias kev ua haujlwm grounding. Nws puas tau. Qhov tseeb, lub sensor yuav tsis txawm ua haujlwm tsis muaj cov xov txuas hauv av.Kuv mam li sim ntsuas tus tes hloov qhov chaw nyob rau qhov chaw sib txawv, tseem hloov tus ncej ib leeg hloov. Kev teeb tsa ntawm cov xov hlau tau zoo ib yam rau qhov chaw dhau los. Lub sijhawm no, cov taws teeb yuav tsis tig rau txhua qhov.Kuv xav tias kuv yuav tsum tau tawg lub sensor, tab sis kuv tau sim nws dua ntawm thawj qhov chaw kom paub meej. Nws tsis tawg (tsawg kawg tsis ua kom tiav), thiab tseem ua rau pom \"tam sim ntawd tom qab tig teeb rau\" qhov teeb meem ntawm thawj qhov chaw.Kuv txhav. Puas yog nws xav tias kuv tau txais chav haujlwm tsis zoo? Los yog puas yog cov teeb meem tsis zoo ntawm cov av (\"tsis muaj zog hauv av\")? Cov lus qhia / cov lus pom zoo raug qhuas!TSUM LUS TEB:Kuv tau sim los txhim kho lub Lutron 2 AMP kev nyob ua haujlwm lub lis xaus no, hloov qhov kev hloov pauv ib leeg-ncej yooj yooj yim.Txoj kev txhim kho zoo li tsis yooj yim txaus. Txawm li cas los xij, thaum lub sijhawm los ntsuas nws, nws nthuav tawm cov tsos mob funny. Kwv yees li 9 ntawm 10 zaug nws pom cov lus tsa suab thiab sim qhib lub teeb, lub teeb yuav nyob rau kev sib cais ntawm ib pliag, thiab tom qab ntawd tawm mus. Qee zaus, lub teeb yuav tig thiab nyob twj ywm, ua haujlwm ib txwm muaj.Kuv xav tias qhov hloov yuav xav tau qhov tsawg kawg nkaus ntawm qhov tsis txaus - Kuv tau siv 4 LED qhov muag teev, tab sis tom qab hloov mus rau 4 qhov muag tsis pom, qhov teeb meem tseem nyob.Qhov ntsuas no yuav tsum muaj lub xov hluav taws xob hauv av, uas yog siv los ua lub zog ntawm kev taws teeb hluav taws xob. Kuv paub tseeb tias kev ua haujlwm grounding. Nws puas tau. Qhov tseeb, lub sensor yuav tsis txawm ua haujlwm tsis muaj cov xov txuas hauv av.Kuv mam li sim ntsuas tus tes hloov qhov chaw nyob rau qhov chaw sib txawv, tseem hloov tus ncej ib leeg hloov. Kev teeb tsa ntawm cov xov hlau tau zoo ib yam rau qhov chaw dhau los. Lub sijhawm no, cov taws teeb yuav tsis tig rau txhua qhov.Kuv xav tias kuv yuav tsum tau tawg lub sensor, tab sis kuv tau sim nws dua ntawm thawj qhov chaw kom paub meej. Nws tsis tawg (tsawg kawg tsis ua kom tiav), thiab tseem ua rau pom \"tam sim ntawd tom qab tig teeb rau\" qhov teeb meem ntawm thawj qhov chaw.Kuv txhav. Puas yog nws xav tias kuv tau txais chav haujlwm tsis zoo? Los yog puas yog cov teeb meem tsis zoo ntawm cov av (\"tsis muaj zog hauv av\")? Cov lus qhia / cov lus pom zoo raug qhuas!
Sab saum toj 10 nqe lus nug Txog Led Lub Teeb Teb
Xav tias kev coj teeb pom kev zoo kuj tseem yuav tshiab rau ntau tus neeg, peb muab kaum nqe lus nug thiab cov lus teb hais txog kev coj teeb pom kev zoo rau koj los pib.1. Sab nraum zoov kab tshoob txais tos Teeb pom kev zoo Cov lus qhia rau hmo ntuj zooYog li, ib qho tseem ceeb uas koj tsis xav kom ploj yog lub teeb pom kev. Yog tias koj yuav ua kom koj lub teeb pom kev zoo sab nraum zoov, koj yuav tsum tau nqis peev hauv qee qhov teeb pom kev zoo tshaj plaws muaj. Thaum ua tiav zoo, lub teeb pom kev zoo tuaj yeem ua rau txhua yam zoo. Qhov tsim nyog ntawm cov teeb pom kev zoo tuaj yeem tso rau txhua yam ntawm tus nkauj nyab rooj noj mov mus rau rooj ua las voos, khoom qab zib kab tshoob thiab lwm yam. Nov yog qee qhov kev qhia los pab koj xaiv qhov tsim nyog, sab nraum zoov chaw txais tos teeb pom kev zoo. Pin Spot Pin chaw teeb pom kev zoo yog lub nqaj ntawm lub teeb uas tsim los ci ncaj qha rau ntawm ib yam dab tsi xws li lub tshoob ncuav mog qab zib, lub rooj ua khoom plig, lossis txawm tias qhib bar. Kev Ntxuav Xim Xim Qhov no yog pam ntawm lub teeb ua ke. Lawv tuaj yeem muab tso rau ntawm thaj chaw ib qho los tsim kev tawm tsam. Gobos Cov no yog cov stencils uas tuaj yeem muab tso rau ntawm lub teeb ntawm lub rooj tshoob sab nraud txais tos los tsim tus qauv lossis tsim cov lus hais. Qee tus siv cov no los sau cov sijhawm, cov npe ntawm tus nkauj nyab thiab nraug vauv, thiab lwm yam. LED LED teeb pom kev zoo yog nrov heev rau kev ua tshoob kos sab nraum zoov. Los nyob hauv txhua qhov xim, duab, thiab qhov loj me, cov teeb no muaj ntau dua kev ua haujlwm thiab lub zog. Txoj Hlab Teeb Ua raws li lub npe txhais, cov no yog cov hlua ntawm lub teeb ntawm txoj hlua zoo ib yam li cov ntawm Christmas ntoo. Tam sim no koj muaj kev nkag siab zoo ntawm hom nrov tshaj plaws ntawm sab nraum zoov tshoob kos teeb. Cov lus qhia ntxiv tom qab kom ua rau koj txais tos lit txhua hmo ntev yog xaiv cov teeb pom kev zoo uas haum rau cov qauv ntawm koj lub tshoob. Classic Yog tias koj tab tom yuav nrog lub rooj tshoob kho kom zoo nkauj,koj tuaj yeem xav mus nrog lub rooj teeb pom kev zoo xws li nyiaj tswm ciab nyiaj tswm ciab. Qhov no yuav muab tawm ntawm lub ntsej muag zoo nkauj. Cov tswm ciab yog ib lub tswv yim zoo rau kab tshoob kev kos. Nws teeb tsa suab nrov heev, tsis tshua muaj suab nrov. Rustic Xav Ntau ntawm barn-style tshoob kev txais tos? Vim li cas tsis mus nrog tej yam xws li lub teeb lag luam? Lawv yog cov ntau dua li qhov nruab nrab Christmas ntoo teeb nrog txhua lub teeb muab tawm ntawm lub teeb pom kev zoo. Cov no yuav zoo rau hauv ob sab phlu chav ua yeeb yam lossis qhov rooj nkag mus rau koj lub tsev pheebsuab tshoob sab nraum zoov. Romantic Yog tias koj tab tom nrhiav kom pom lub tswv yim teeb pom kev zoo tiag tiag, cov teeb moos soos hais lus tagnrho. Tso cai rau koj tus qhua tso cov yeeb yuj teeb txawb rau saum ntuj thaum hmo ntuj uas koj saib thiab nco txog koj hnub tshwj xeeb. Edgy Yog tias koj mus rau me ntsis ntxiv ntawm qhov kev xav edgy, tom qab ntawd cov xim teeb yog koj tus phooj ywg zoo tshaj. Xaiv cov xim zoo nkauj thiab xim ntaj uas ua rau nqe lus. Koj yuav txawm mus rau ib qho me ntsis ntxiv niaj hnub thiab xaiv cov qauv teeb lossis lub teeb uas hloov xim rau cov pop ntxiv. Yuav ua li cas hom teeb pom kev zoo koj yuav muaj nyob rau ntawm koj sab nraum zoov tshoob txais tos? Txhua tus neeg xav kom tau txais nyob rau pem teb las voos thiab seev cev hmo ntuj. Yog tias koj tab tom npaj sab nraum zoov tshoob txais tos, teeb pom kev zoo yog txhua yam. Nws tuaj yeem nqa ib lub tsev pheebsuab sab nraud los ntawm theem pib thiab drab mus rau zes thiab xav tsis thoob hauv vib nas this. Nco ntsoov tias koj xaiv lub teeb pom kev zoo uas yuav kos kom pom tseeb ntawm cov lus qhia ntxaws ntawm koj lub tshoob thiab tseem ua rau tog kev lom zem nyob hmo ntuj.2. Nrog tag nrho cov lus hais txog kev txwv qhov muag tsis sib tw, puas muaj lwm txoj hauv kev uas tsis muaj qhov muag teeb rau fluorescent teeb pom kev zoo?Cov teeb roj teeb hluav taws xob tawm ntawm UV hluav taws xob, yog li nws tsis zoo rau koj lub qhov muag ib qho. UV-thaiv cov tes tsho, npog thiab vaj huam sib luag yog muaj rau lub teeb roj fluorescent. Tshwj tsis yog tias lawv yog tus qauv, cov hlab cua ntev, lub qhov muag roj fluorescent feem ntau tau kib; Kuv xav tias lawv rhiab ntau dua rau cov xim av outs thiab lub hwj huam spikes. Lawv tuaj yeem mess koj lub TV txais tos thiab yeej xov tooj cua AM. LED teeb pom kev zoo tuaj yeem nyab xeeb, nyob ntawm cov khw. Nws yog qhov zoo tshaj tus nqi tshaj li fluorescent ... txawm li cas los xij, hauv kuv kev paub, tsis yog tus qauv hluav taws xob tsis dhau lossis LED teeb kom ntev li ntev li lub teeb pom kev zoo (vim muaj teeb meem kev tsim khoom), txawm tias lawv tau cog lus tias yuav siv sijhawm ntev dua. Cov taws LED tau kim heev nyob rau lub sijhawm tam sim no, thiab tuaj yeem muaj teeb meem nrog lawv tshaj tawm lub teeb pom kev ntau dhau, qee qhov tuaj yeem ua kev puas tsuaj rau koj lub qhov muag, tab sis tsis hais qhov twg, lub teeb ci tuaj yeem hnyav. Lwm qhov teeb meem nrog LED teeb pom kev yog tau txais lub teeb dawb. Nws yog ib qho nyuaj rau muab cov xim thiab ua rau qhov sib zog xwb tsuas yog txoj cai kom tau txais xim zoo nkauj, dawb xim. Cov LEDS dawb yuav zoo li ua rau xiav tsaus. Sib nrug ntawm ob qho no, ob qho koj tau siv hluav taws xob ntau, lossis koj tau lumens lumens (siv lub teeb). Tsis tas li, nrog lwm txoj hauv kev, nws yog qhov nyuaj rau nyeem ntawv lossis lub teeb dawb thiab koj tuaj yeem ntsib teeb meem nrog lawv cov cua sov.
What Warning Labels Could You See on Products to Be Used in Space?
Nowadays there are warning labels on most everything: this is flammable, that will cause injury because it's sharp, this substance is poisonous, and that canister is under pressure, but what types of warning labels would you need for items designed to be used in a weightless environment? There is a very large set of possibilities. For real-world examples do some research on what NASA, Roscosmos, JAXA, ESA, CNSA do. The list below is just off the top of my head. Cannot be used in microgravity. Must be used in gravity field greater than X% of earth.Must be used in gravity field less than X% of earth.Cannot withstand acceleration greater than Y. Must be aligned along a certain axis for acceleration.Must be used at an atmospheric pressure greater than X.Must be used at an atmospheric pressure less than X. Cannot be used in Heliox atmosphere. Must only be unwrapped/used in an environment with a scrubber that can handle a particular chemical.Must be decontaminated via (some method) when moving from atmospheric composition X to composition Y.Must be exposed to hard vacuum for X hours before being brought into atmosphere. Requires shielding in a certain EM range. Requires grounding. Requires shielding from certain cosmic rays.Cannot be used during a solar flare of greater than X intensity.Cannot be used if organism X is present.Can only be used if organism X is present. Cannot be taken to an uncontaminated planetary environment.Can be injected into a person only if they have a certain symbiote/implant/genetic marker.Can only be used in temperature range X to Y. Can only be stored in temperature range X to Y.Do not change temperature at a rate greater than Z/sec OTHER ANSWER: The thing about silly warnings on earth is that most of them were added because someone, somewhere actually did it and did try to sue the manufacturer. Whether the warning can be followed in practice is irrelevant, as the only purpose is to try to give the manufacturer more leverage in case of a legal claim.So considering the actual incidents and accidents that have occurred in spaceflight, we can color things up a bit and warn:.
Justice Dept Settles with Tobacco Cos on Database
RICHMOND, Va. The nation's two biggest tobacco companies, Philip Morris USA Inc. and R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co., have agreed to pay $6.25 million to support the country's largest online collection of internal tobacco industry documents, the Justice Department announced Wednesday. The settlement resolves a dispute over an online document database that a U.S. District Court judge in Washington, D.C., mandated in a 2006 ruling in which she found the companies masked the dangers of smoking. U.S. District Judge Gladys Kessler said the companies were trying to deceive people about the health effects of smoking and nicotine addiction and about marketing to youth and changes to cigarette designs to increase addiction. Over the next four years, the companies will fund and enhance access to the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library, an online database of more than 13 million internal tobacco company documents run by the University of California, San Francisco. The 11-year-old database mostly contains documents revealed during lawsuits against the companies. Hard copies are stored in an archive known as the Minnesota Depository. Representatives for Richmond, Va.-based Altria Group Inc., parent of Philip Morris USA, and for Reynolds American Inc., the Winston-Salem, N.C.-based owner of R.J. Reynolds, declined to comment on the settlement Wednesday. The settlement still must be approved by the court. "This agreement helps make sure that these documents will be accessible to researchers, journalists, students, lawyers, the government and the public at large -- anyone who is interested in learning more about the defendants' efforts to mislead consumers about the effects of smoking," Tony West, assistant attorney general for the civil division of the Department of Justice, said in a statement. In addition to the document database, Kessler has said she wants the industry to pay for various types of ads, both broadcast and print, but she has not said what the statements should say, where they must be placed or for how long. The government's proposed corrective ads would cover the addictiveness of nicotine, the lack of health benefits from "low tar," "ultra-light" and "mild" cigarettes and the dangers of secondhand smoke. The companies have argued that the statements are inflammatory, inaccurate and "designed solely to shame and humiliate" the companies. The court is considering delaying that decision while other courts decide newer cases challenging new tobacco marketing restrictions and graphic cigarette warning labels the government has proposed. ------ Michael Felberbaum can be reached at .
Handle with Care: Prepackaged Meal Kits and New Food Delivery Methods Are Serving Up a New Helping o
In June 2016, National Frozen Foods Corp. recalled frozen peas and mixed vegetables it packages under 13 brands. The recalled products, thought to be contaminated with the microscopic pathogen Listeria monocytogenes, were included in several of HelloFresh's meal kits delivered to customers in 21 states. New food delivery methods such as home-delivered meal kits and prepackaged fares are changing the food industry. However, the evolving ways in which consumers now receive and prepare foods are creating new liability concerns that some insurers, brokers and others fear could become a recipe for disaster. On-the-go consumers are flocking to healthy alternative meal solutions. Within the past year, 25% of Americans purchased a meal kit and 70% continued to buy them after making their first purchase, according to Nielsen. But inside the neatly packaged boxes of preportioned ingredients and step-by-step recipes lurks the potential for foodborne illnesses and missed food allergens, and that has the insurance industry developing new offerings and risk management programs to stave off those potential exposures. In a recent study of 169 home meal kits, researchers at Rutgers University in New Jersey and Tennessee State University found the majority of meats, poultry and seafood in those kits arrived at consumers' doorsteps at temperatures above 40 degrees Fahrenheit, making them unsafe to consume. Part of the problem is the time between refrigeration and delivery of those items. Only 5% of the orders required a signature upon delivery and many of the boxes were left outside for eight hours or more. Also, kits that arrived at temperatures between 60 and 70 degrees had "off the chart" microbial loads--the total number of bacteria and fungi in a given quantity of water or soil or on the surface of food, Rutgers professor Bill Hallman said at the 2017 annual Food Safety Summit in Rosemont, Illinois. Menu of Risks More than 100 subscription and a la carte meal-kit delivery service companies, such as Blue Apron, Home Chef, Chef'D and Plated, have sprung up in the past few years, and more competitors are continuing to crowd the multibillion-dollar market. National retailers, such as Whole Foods Market, Costco and Walmart; food purveyors, including Campbell Soup, Hershey and Tyson Foods, and Martha Stewart and other celebrities have also entered the meal-in-a-box fray. But today's "changing plate" is blurring the lines on how food is produced and delivered, and that's raising liability concerns and prompting the need for clarification of responsibilities and regulations when it comes to new food delivery models including meal kits, said Tami Griffin, national practice leader at Aon Risk Solutions. Under the lid of those kits lie many questions, including where food products and ingredients come from, whether product handlers are following proper safety protocols and if adequate packaging and temperature control measures are being taken. The Rutgers-Tennessee State study offered a glimpse into some of those answers. Researchers found dry ice often used inside meal kits fails to come with warning labels or handling information, and only 37% of deliveries had visible information indicating the parcels contained perishable foods. Compounding the problem is that containers used to ship perishable food often are much larger than necessary and often don't have packing materials to fill the empty space, thereby compromising temperature control measures. Also, non- or mislabeled food items inside meal kits bring about potential food allergy concerns, and cross-contamination issues can arise during their transportation, said Steve Kluting, the Midwest regional director of Arthur J. Gallagher & Company's food and agribusiness practice group. Concerns like those pose yet another question: Who is responsible if something goes awry? So far there are more questions than answers. Because of the lack of regulation and the novelty of these delivery models, it is not always clear who to blame when a crisis occurs. Adequate safety measures and protocols can lessen that risk. For example, clearly labeled disclosures about potential food allergens on companies' websites or inside meal boxes is generally adequate enough to protect against liability, said Bill Marler, a managing partner at Seattle-based law firm Marler Clark. He has been a plaintiff's attorney for a number of foodborne illness and food safety cases over the years, including the highly-publicized Jack in the Box E.coli outbreak in 1993. Four children died and 178 other people became ill after eating contaminated beef patties served at 73 of the restaurant's chains. "People with severe food allergies are good at reading labels and knowing what's in products," Marler said. "But if you're sourcing from different suppliers you need to familiarize yourself with each of those companies' food allergy profiles." Labels should also include information about the products' manufacturers or suppliers, he said."Doing so allows the box to work, in a sense, like a grocery store and liability becomes more limited. If some items are included in unnamed packages, the box entity may be on the hook for strict liability as a manufacturer." Liability can fall anywhere along the supply chain--from growers and processors to suppliers and distributors. Amazon, UPS, FedEx and other meal-kit carriers have largely been able to avoid liability because of the contractual relationships they have with their meal-kit providers, said James Neale, a partner at the law firm McGuireWoods LLP in Charlottesville, Virginia. Researchers found shipping companies that delivered meal-in-the-box kits in the Rutgers-Tennessee State study washed their hands of any responsibility if products showed up spoiled. Others in the supply chain, however, are at risk, and that's why traceability is key, said Jana Wilson, managing director of risk services and global lodging and leisure practice leader at Industria Risk & Insurance Services, a wholly owned subsidiary of Good Works Financial Group. Also, the shorter the chain, the fewer the risks, she said."Companies need to create and maintain relationships with all of their suppliers--from the guy who caught the fish, to the person who froze the fish, to the individual who transported the fish and finally to all of those who are responsible for preparing and serving the fish." Supply chains have increasingly become more global. That's why companies need a good quality assurance process to test imported products to ensure foods and ingredients are what they claim to be, said Steven Simmons, associate vice president of risk management in Nationwide's agribusiness insurance. He also suggests suppliers secure indemnity agreements which defend and indemnify them in the event of a loss due to use of a supplier of a product/ingredient to include adequate limits of insurance. "When possible have yourself listed as an additional insured on the product/ingredient maker's liability coverage," he said."Good contracts outlining duties and responsibilities will mitigate confusion in the event of a loss." Finding Solutions Food product liability insurance is one of the insurance options companies may want to consider. FPLI protects retail businesses against claims made from the sale of foods sold to the public, and it covers the retail seller's liability for losses or injuries suffered as a result of purchasing a product by a buyer, user or bystander. "Part of the problem is that FPLI is not a mandated coverage. At this point it is primarily the larger food service companies that are requiring FPLI from their suppliers,"Wilson said. That may soon change. Vicarious liability that follows the entire food chain is too large of a risk not to have in place the kind of coverage FPLI provides, she said. General liability policies help companies protect against third-party claims and provide defense and indemnity costs if a contamination or foodborne illness outbreak arises, said Florida-based injury attorney Jason Turchin. Each year, nearly 48 million Americans become sick and 3,000 die from foodborne diseases such as E.coli, salmonella and listeria, according to federal data. General liability, however, is laden with holes when it comes to reputational risks, and smaller farms and local growers may not carry the coverage, Turchin said."All it takes is one major outbreak to bankrupt them and shut down their entire operation." Product contamination and product recall insurance coverages can help fill the gap. The policies provide coverage for reputational harm and lost profits after an event, along with brand-building efforts and financial recovery for items that need to be removed from shelves or inventory stocks, said Amy Lochhead, a vice president and division underwriting manager at Liberty Mutual's national insurance unit. Today's recall insurance market remains relatively soft, and a number of new entrants are flooding the sector, said Caitlin McGrath, vice president of national product recall and accidental contamination risk consulting at Lockton."Despite recent losses, prices have remained low and companies are becoming more competitive with their coverages." Turchin suggests meal-kit providers and their suppliers also consider other coverage options such as medical payment insurance--a no-fault, good faith gesture that helps companies cover medical expenses, up to a certain amount, caused by a food product. Also, stand-alone workplace violence policies, cyber liability to protect the online exchange of customer data in meal-kit transactions and addons such as a vaccination endorsement can cover risks associated with new food delivery models, McGrath said. Risk Action Plans While adequate insurance coverages can certainly help, companies also need to adopt risk mitigation efforts and create crisis management plans, Marler said. For instance, place warning labels outside kits indicating which products need to be refrigerated and at what temperatures they should be stored and cooked, he said. "Taking steps that will help lower a company's risk profile and allow them to share--not shift--risk and responsibility from farm to fork." Also, know where products come from. Decide what kinds of food to include in a kit and which ones to avoid. "For example, raw oysters may not be the best choice," Marler said. Individuals with certain medical conditions, including cancer, diabetes and liver disease, are at risk for becoming seriously ill or dying from eating raw oysters that are contaminated with Vibrio vulnificus--a gram-negative bacterium that occurs naturally in warm, unpolluted seawater. Companies also need to examine their policy language and membership contracts. Blue Apron--the first U.S. meal-kit delivery service to go public, in 2017--requires members to agree to the provisions of a 20-page membership agreement outlining its terms of use and mandating members to go through an arbitration process on an individual basis limiting the remedies available to the consumer in the event of certain disputes, Wilson said. The New York startup, created by a professional chef, a venture capitalist and a computer engineer in 2014, currently serves about eight million meals a month. Blue Apron's terms of use agreement clearly holds its members responsible for inspecting all products for any damage or other issues upon delivery. Wilson said the company even goes as far as to recommend members use a thermometer to ensure that the internal temperature of meat, poultry and seafood is 40 degrees or below. "But each food element has a slightly different temperature requirement. While food safety experts must navigate, even anticipate, trends in food safety practices, consumer behavior is the sole responsibility of the consumer,"Wilson said. Companies also need to implement and maintain quality control measures, develop testing and traceability plans to monitor supply chain audits and keep abreast of current regulations, Liberty Mutual's Lochhead said. So far the meal-kit delivery industry remains relatively unregulated, experts say. The Food Safety Modernization Act--the most sweeping reform to U.S. food safety laws in more than 70 years--was enacted in 2011. However, other than reminding consumers about safe handling instructions, neither the FDA nor the United States Department of Agriculture have yet to issue any substantial guidance around new food delivery methods such as meal kits. Groups like the California Association of Environmental Health Administrators are hoping to change that. This year, the CAEHA proposed a new bill that would expand state-mandated food safety training to meal-kit delivery employees and would require them to obtain a food handlers card, which is a certificate obtained after an employee attends a food safety training course and passes an examination from an accredited organization. But companies like Blue Apron are pushing back over concerns with the bill. In 2016, the final rule to FSMA's Sanitary Transportation of Human and Animal Food regulation went into effect. The rule is designed to protect foods from farm to table by keeping them safe from contamination during transportation. However, couriers--including meal-kit delivery services--are exempt from the final sanitary transport rule, which "ironically, was passed just as the meal-kit delivery model was on the horizon," Turchin said. Regulators are starting to examine home meal-kit delivery more closely, and as a result, Wilson expects the FDA will soon incorporate technical guidelines into the FSMA that will "stretch the understanding of food safety in our new food technology world." She also anticipates insurers will create micro-niche insurance products that would provide coverage for each of the "big eight" allergens, such as shellfish or peanuts, in an effort to help mitigate potential risks in the market. "As we dive deeper into this fat-free, gluten-free and other food sensitivities-free world we now live in, the government will continue to step in and more stringently regulate information about food allergies or sensitivities already being tested on countless menus and food packaging labels." Technology's Role Technology has a large hand in changing today's food industry. By 2025, 70% of consumers are expected to purchase at least some of their food online, according to reports. And new food preparation and delivery models are being overhauled by advances in robotics, analytics and big data. California startup Zume Pizza relies on robots to prepare and bake its pies. The company also uses artificial intelligence and big data to predict order volume and make its food fresher. Another startup, Chowbotics, recently created a robot it calls Sally to prepare custom, chef-inspired salads using precut products stored in refrigerated canisters. While technology is creating greater convenience, it's also upping the liability ante. And that's why companies need to think through their risk profile and ask themselves: Is convenience worth the risk, Marler said. "It's similar to what we saw 15 years ago with the rise in ready-to-eat salad mixes," he said. "Unfortunately, some of those companies didn't think about all of the potential risks that could arise if the mixes became contaminated while being shipped across the U.S. in refrigerated trucks, giving time for bacteria to grow." Insurers have struggled to wrap their heads around evolving risks like those. And new delivery models including home meal kits are once again forcing carriers to come up with novel ways to underwrite and insure those exposures, Lockton's McGrath said. "The thing about meal kits is that they aren't grocery stores. They're not frozen foods. So insurers have to figure out how to underwrite what is essentially a group of individual, prepackaged, portioned foods coming from multiple sources," she said. Only now are those answers becoming clearer and carriers are starting to feel more comfortable with those risks, McGrath said. Dinner-in-the-box delivery is more than a passing fad. The market is set to become a $5 billion industry over the next decade, according to food industry analyst Technomic Inc. So far claims and losses have remained low, Marler said. "That's probably because these are individual deliveries, and large-scale food safety litigation generally involves outbreaks that affect many people. I don't think meal kits are immune from food safety problems, but this delivery model will probably cause more one-off problems." The challenge will be detecting and pinpointing problems, which may fly under the radar, he said. by Lori Chordas Lori Chordas is a senior associate editor. She can be reached at lori. Key Points A Full Plate: The meal-kit delivery market, which packages convenient, healthy preportioned food in a box, is expected to become a $5 billion industry in the next several years. Hard Nut to Crack: Those kits present new liability exposures throughout the supply chain, as well as the potential for foodborne illnesses and possible missed food allergens. The Whole Enchilada: General liability, food product liability, product contamination and product recall, and cyber liability are a few of the coverages that can help recover losses stemming from those risks.
New York Police Officer Contracts Legionnaires' Disease
Officials are investigating a New York police station and water supply after an officer contracted Legionnaires' disease, a potentially life-threatening form pneumonia.Preliminary test results indicate that traces of the bacteria causing Legionnaires' disease were found at the police station in East Harlem. Officials have started inspecting the facility's systems and testing the precinct's water supply. The officer, who was not named, is recovering at a hospital outside of the city, according to the New York City Department of Health.Officials first became aware of the situation on Saturday.Legionnaires' disease is treatable with antibiotics, but it can be deadly if left untreated. Legionella pneumophila, the type of bacteria that causes the disease, thrive and multiply in water systems, cooling towers, indoor plumbing, hot tubs, air conditioners and mist sprayers. Most outbreaks have occurred in large buildings because complex water systems allow the bacteria to grow and spread more easily, according to the Mayo Clinic."Health officials are on site today to sample water in indoor plumbing, and to provide additional assistance and guidance," the health department said in a statement Sunday. "Legionnaires' disease is not contagious, officers can still work in the building but should avoid taking showers at the site until the investigation is complete. There is no public health risk to the larger community."The hot water supply at the station has been temporarily shut down.Officials have ruled out a cooling tower that supports the facility's heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems as a possible origin of the bacteria because it has been shut down since October as part of a renovation project, according to the police department. A new tower was installed last month, but it has not been activated.Legionnaires' disease was first discovered in 1976, when people attending a Pennsylvania American Legion convention at a hotel in Philadelphia developed pneumonia. More than 200 convention attendees and visitors were infected, and some died.People get sick with Legionnaires' disease by breathing small droplets of water containing the bacteria. Symptoms include headache, muscle pain, chills, fever, cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Those at risk of getting sick are adults 50 years or older, smokers, and people with a chronic lung disease, weak immune systems, cancer and other preexisting illnesses, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.On Friday, two guests at a Las Vegas resort contracted Legionnaires' disease, according to media reports. One stayed at the Rio All-Suite Hotel and Casino in March, while the other stayed there in April, CNN reported. Health officials said Legionella was found in the hot-water system of one of the hotel's towers.Between 200 and 400 cases of Legionnaires' disease are reported in New York City every year, according to the health department.In 2015, an outbreak in the South Bronx prompted health officials to implement tougher cooling tower regulations, hire more inspectors and train city employees on how to inspect cooling towers, officials said.Federal officials said last year that cases of Legionnaires' disease have nearly quadrupled in the United States over a 15-year period. About 6,000 cases were reported in 2015 alone."Large recent outbreaks in New York City and Flint, Mich., have brought attention to the disease and highlight the need to understand why the outbreaks occur and how best to prevent them," CDC Director Tom Frieden said in a briefing last year.Infants born during water births are at risk of contracting the disease.Two infants in Arizona were infected with Legionnaires' disease in 2016, according to the CDC. Both were delivered by a midwife in a home birthing tub. They survived after receiving antibiotics.- - -The Washington Post's Lena H. Sun contributed to this story.
Defense Rests; Zimmerman Won't Testify in Murder Trial ...
The jury in the George Zimmerman murder trial was expected to begin deliberations as soon as Friday afternoon after the defense team rested Wednesday without the neighborhood watch volunteer taking the stand.Judge Debra Nelson said she hoped to hand the case to the jury Friday afternoon, with closing arguments set to begin at 1pm Thursday.The defense team used its final day of testimony to paint the neighborhood watch volunteer as a wimp who was getting pummeled when he shot Trayvon Martin in self-defense, at one point commandeering a mannequin introduced by prosecutors in order to re-enact its version of the fight.Zimmerman did not take the stand, though his team left the option open until the last minute, with Zimmerman finally telling Judge Debra Nelson he would not testify. After OMara announced that he would call no more witnesses, prosecutors called the first of several witnesses back for rebuttal, beginning with Adam Pollock, owner of a kickboxing gym where Zimmerman trained prior to the incident. Like other defense witnesses, Pollock described Zimmerman as a soft weakling, likely unable to defend himself against Martin before firing the gun.Earlier Wednesday, Zimmerman's lawyer literally flipped a prosecution witness -- a gray, foam dummy -- to re-enact the defense's version of the confrontation that ended in Martin's death, straddling the mannequin and bashing its head against the floor as stunned jurors looked on Wednesday. The mannequin was initially introduced by prosecutor John Guy during cross-examination of defense witness Dennis Root, a former law enforcement officer who testified as an expert on defensive use of force. Guy used it to show how, if Martin were straddling Zimmerman, he would have had difficulty reaching for a gun holstered at his waist.After Guy wrapped up his round of questioning, lead defense attorney O'Mara stepped up."May I use your doll?" asked O'Mara.O'Mara straddled the dummy on the floor in front of the witness stand, grabbed it by the shoulders and drove its head into the floor repeatedly."Would the injuries on Mr. Zimmerman, the back of his head, be consistent with someone doing this on cement?" asked O'Mara as he slammed the flopping mannequin's head into the floor."I don't think so," replied Root."How about this?" asked O'Mara, continuing to bash the life-sized dummy against the floor, but placing its arm against his shoulder, as if it were resisting. "How about someone resisting the attack? Could that have come from if someone was resisting me pushing down like this?"Root responded, "I believe so."Earlier in his testimony, Root described how Zimmerman would be no match for the 17-year-old Martin in a fight."Mr. Martin was a physically active and capable person," said Root, who probed both Martin's and Zimmerman's physical conditioning and fighting prowess on behalf of the defense team. "Mr. Zimmerman is an individual who is by no stretch of the imagination an athlete, and . he would find himself lacking when compared to Mr. Martin."Roots testimony jibed with prior defense witnesses who have testified that the neighborhood watch volunteer was overweight, in poor shape and not good with his fists. Root said screams heard on a 911 call, which the defense claims are Zimmerman, show "a high level of stress, a high level of fear."[pullquote]A young mother who lived in the gated community where Zimmerman shot Martin told jurors Wednesday the neighborhood watch volunteer helped comfort her after a home invasion by two young men left her frightened.Olivia Bertalan said Zimmerman supplied her with a new lock for her sliding door and offered to open his own home to her after the incident, which happened about six months before Zimmermans fateful confrontation with Martin,. Although she said the two invaders were African-Americans in their late teens, there was no suggestion that Martin was involved. The testimony was instead apparently presented to show how seriously Zimmerman took his role as a community protector.Zimmerman's father, Robert Zimmerman, also took the stand Wednesday, saying it was "absolutely" his son George on the 911 call that captured the fatal confrontation.GAVEL-TO-GAVEL COVERAGE: ZIMMERMAN TRIALEarlier Wednesday, Judge Nelson denied two requests by the defense, ruling that a computer animation that depicts the February 2012 confrontation as well as text messages that purportedly deal with fighting sent from Martin's phone will not be admissible as evidence.The judge seemed concerned about the animation's accuracy during arguments. While the animation can't be introduced as evidence that can be reviewed by jurors during their deliberations, defense attorneys may be able to use it during closing arguments, she ruled.&quotTo have an animation go back into jury room that they can play over and over again gives a certain weight to something that this court isn't exactly certain comports with the evidence presented at trial,&quot Nelson said Wednesday night.The judge also agreed with prosecutors' concerns about introducing the 17-year-old's text messages. But defense attorney Don West had argued the texts were relevant since they showed Martin's interest in fighting and physical capabilities.The Associated Press contributed to this report.
Trump's New EPA Chief Warns Water Is a Bigger Threat Than Climate Change
In one of his first interviews, new Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Andrew Wheeler told CBS News chief Washington correspondent Major Garrett that Americans should focus less on global warming."We have 1,000 children die everyday worldwide because they don't have safe drinking water. That's a crisis that I think we can solve. We know what goes into solving a crisis like that. It takes resources, it takes infrastructure and and the United States is working on that. But I really would like to see maybe the United Nations, the World Bank focus more on those problems today to try to save those children. Those thousand children each day, they have names, we know who they are," Wheeler told Garrett.Although Wheeler acknowledged to Garrett that the emissions of fossil fuels and other man-made variables "certainly contributes" to climate change, and promised that President Donald Trump would reveal two major regulations later this year in order to curb CO2 emissions, he emphasized that he considered providing clean water to be a higher priority."Most of the threats from climate change are 50 to 75 years out," Wheeler argued, adding that people are currently dying from drinking dirty water.America, Wheeler insisted, is "doing much better than most westernized countries on reducing their CO2 emissions, but what we need to do is make sure that the whole world is focused on the people who are dying today, the thousand children that die everyday from lack of drinking water. That is something where we have the technology, we know what it will take to save those children. And internationally, we need to step up and do something there."Wheeler then addressed the Flint water crisis, which began in 2014 when the water for the Michigan city of Flint was changed from Lake Huron and the Detroit River to Flint River, thereby exposing the city to elevated lead levels due to inadequate water treatment."First of all, I want to make sure the American public understands 92 percent of the water everyday meets all the EPA requirements for safe drinking water," Wheeler told Garrett.He added, "We have the safest drinking water in the world. We are working to update a number of regulations, one of which is our lead and copper rule, which takes a look at the pipes. The lead pipes that we have around the country. As part of that, we're looking at what we can do to require regular testing for schools and daycares, so that would be part of that regulation when it comes out later this year."As for the water in Flint, Wheeler told Garrett that "part of the problem with Flint was there was a breakdown in once they got the data, once the city of Flint, the state of Michigan, the Obama EPA they sat on it. We're not doing that. As soon as we get information that there's a problem, we're stepping in, we're helping the local community get that water system cleaned up."Although Wheeler is correct about the problem with contaminated water in both the United States and the rest of the world, his downplaying of the threat posed by man-made climate change is inconsistent with the scientific consensus."There will be and already is major consequences and they grow over time. It does not look good," Kevin Trenberth, a Distinguished Senior Scientist in the Climate Analysis Section at the National Center for Atmospheric Research at the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, told Salon in August. "The effects are always local but there are more and more of them and the consequences are major. These includes floods and drought, heat waves and wild fires."Michael Mann, he Distinguished Professor of Atmosphere Science at Penn State, explained in October what the world would have to look forward to if global warming goes unchecked."The summer and fall of 2018 provides a glimpse of what will be in store," Mann toldSalon. "We will need to adapt to a world where damaging extreme weather events are far more common. If we dont act, these events will become both more extreme and more common."He added, "A large part of the planet will become unlivable (either too hot or too dry). And more and more of the available land surface will be used for agriculture and farming to feed a growing global population. That means more concentrated human settlementand probably a lot more conflict."
New Apps Help Shoppers Identify Items Using Image Recognition
TORONTO (Reuters) - A new app lets shoppers flipping through retail flyers purchase items that catch their eye using image recognition technology. The iOS app Pounce allows shoppers to scan images they spot in print media with their devices camera, then purchase the item online directly from the retailer running the advertisement. We are able to match an image with an actual product available online, said Avital Yachin, chief executive of BuyCode, Inc, the Tel Aviv, Israel-based company that developed the app, one of a growing number of apps using image recognition to bridge the physical and online worlds of e-commerce. Our vision is to allow purchasing of any product in any print ad, he said, adding that the company plans to expand to catalogs, magazines and billboards. The Pounce app recognizes products that its retailing partners, which include Staples Inc, Target Corp, Toys R Us Inc and Ace Hardware Corp, sell online. After scanning an image, the app displays the items price and shipping cost, then allows shoppers to make the purchase directly from the retailer. Other companies such as eBay and Amazon have apps that use image recognition to identify objects such as books, cars and even clothing to help shoppers find similar items in their online marketplaces. The potential of image recognition lies in its ability to determine the make and model of any item in the world, especially those that consumers are otherwise unable to identify, said Steve Yankovich, the VP of Innovation and New Ventures at eBay Inc. EBay has experimented with adding image recognition to their eBay Fashion and eBay Motors iPhone apps. With eBay Fashion, for example, users can upload an image and the app will suggest items that have similar colors, styles, and fabric. Its RedLaser app for iPhone and Android allows users to take photos of items and shows similar items available for sale at retailers online and locally, which eBay says fosters its main mission of partnering with retailers, not competing with them. Yankovich predicts that image recognition technology will help make shopping more seamless as it evolves over the next 10 years. Amazons app Flow, for iPhone and Android, allows users to use the camera to identify a product sold on Amazon and get such details as its description, reviews and video or audio clips. The company says the app can recognize packaged goods with distinguishable features such as books, DVDs or even items such as candy bars or a box of cereal. Users can then read reviews and purchase them from the online retailer. But Yachin said it will be some time yet before consumers can identify everyday items such as clothing on another person. The broader vision of recognizing real-world objects will take a little longer, he said, adding that the technology relies on a large database of product images. Pounce is free and available in the United States, with plans to expand to Canada and Europe. Amazon Flow is only available in the United States and is free and EBay Fashion is also free and available worldwide.
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